Photography Exposure, 2nd edition, is a comprehensive guide to the theory of exposure, explaining the fundamental relationship between the photographic image and the effects of light intensity and duration.
It describes the use of lens aperture and depth of field in relation to exposure and outlines the principles of in-camera and hand-held light meters: their strengths, limitations and correct use in a wide variety of lighting situations.
Offering a detailed guide to using exposure for expressive purposes, this is an invaluable reference tool to all students and practitioners of photography.
The second edition includes new images, as well as all new case studies and practical assignments - using examples from a range of international artists. The book has also been updated and restructured to take into account the technical innovations since it first published in 2009.
David Prakel has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland, UK.
Introduction Chapter 1: Basics. Light Itself; What is a Good Exposure?; Histograms; Contrast; Stops; Reciprocity; Exposure; Value (EV); Subject Brightness Range (SBR); Latitude (Film) and Dynamic Range (Digital); Over and Underexposure; Clipping; Key; ISO Sensitivity; Filters. Chapter 2: Shutter Speed and Time. Motion and Time; Natural Density (ND) Filters to Extend Time; Types of Shutter; Creative Use of Shutter Speed; Case Study: Shutter-speed Dial; Exercise: Shutter Speeds. Chapter 3: Aperture and Depth of field. Stops and f numbers; Depth of Field; Creative Use of Aperture and Focus; Case Study: Aperture; Exercise: Depth of Field. Chapter 4: Meters and Metering. Types of Exposure Meter; Reflected versus Incident Light Meters; Camera Light; Meters; Metering Modes; Histogram as Light Meter; Exposure Value (EV) Compensation; Color versus Tone; Other Light Meters; Case Study: Spot Meter Advanced; Exercise: When Light Meters Let You Down; Grey. Chapter 5: Dynamic Range. Graduated Neutral Density (Grad ND) Filters; RAW Files; High Dynamic Range (HDR); The Zone System; Local Exposure Control; Case Study: Light Meter; Exercise: Calibrating Digital Exposure Index. Chapter 6: Special Cases. Technical versus Subjective; Exposure; Back and Rim Light; White Balance; Winter Weather; Flash; Close-up; Zone System for Film; Exposure Index (EI): Pushing and Pulling Film; Open Shutter; Multiple Exposures; Extreme Lighting. Conclusion Bibliography, Apps and Online Resources Glossary Index Acknowledgements and credits