Photonics, Volume 1: Fundamentals of Photonics and Physics (A Wiley-Science Wise Co-Publication)

Photonics, Volume 1: Fundamentals of Photonics and Physics (A Wiley-Science Wise Co-Publication)

By: David L. Andrews (author)Hardback

Up to 2 WeeksUsually despatched within 2 weeks

Description

Covers modern photonics accessibly and discusses the basic physical principles underlying all the applications and technology of photonics. This volume covers the basic physical principles underlying the technology and all applications of photonics from statistical optics to quantum optics. The topics discussed in this volume are: Photons in perspective; Coherence and Statistical Optics; Complex Light and Singular Optics; Electrodynamics of Dielectric Media; Fast and slow Light; Holography; Multiphoton Processes; Optical Angular Momentum; Optical Forces, Trapping and Manipulation; Polarization States; Quantum Electrodynamics; Quantum Information and Computing; Quantum Optics; Resonance Energy Transfer; Surface Optics; Ultrafast Pulse Phenomena. * Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modern photonics * Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploit photon attributes of light * Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics * Chapters are written by top scientists in their field Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences; Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate students in the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers, consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, government laboratories, NIH.

About Author

David L. Andrews leads research on fundamental molecular photonics and energy transport, optomechanical forces and nonlinear optical phenomena. He has over 300 research papers and a dozen books to his name, including the widely adopted textbook Lasers in Chemistry. The current focus of his research group is on novel mechanisms for optical nanomanipulation and switching, and light-harvesting in nanostructured molecular systems. The group enjoys strong international links, particularly with groups in Canada, Lithuania, New Zealand and the United States. Andrews is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, a Fellow of the Institute of Physics, and a Fellow of SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.

Contents

List of Contributors xi Preface xiii 1 A Photon in Perspective 1 David L. Andrews 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Foundations 3 1.3 Medium Issues 8 1.4 Photon Localization and Wavefunction 10 1.5 The Quantum Vacuum and Virtual Photons 12 1.6 Structured Light 15 1.7 Photon Number Fluctuations and Phase 18 1.8 The Reality of Photonics 20 Acknowledgments 20 References 20 2 Coherence and Statistical Optics 27 Mayukh Lahiri 2.1 Introduction 27 2.2 Classical Theory of Optical Coherence in the Space-Time Domain 28 2.3 Classical Theory of Optical Coherence in the Space-Frequency Domain 34 2.4 Cross-Spectrally Pure Optical Fields 38 2.5 Polarization Properties of Stochastic Beams 43 2.6 Remarks on Partially Coherent and Partially Polarized Beams 51 2.7 Basics of Quantum Theory of Optical Coherence 52 2.8 Concluding Remarks 55 Acknowledgments 56 References 56 3 Light Beams with Spatially Variable Polarization 61 Enrique J. Galvez 3.1 Introduction 61 3.2 Poincar'e Modes of Beams 62 3.3 Experimental Approaches 69 3.4 Polarization Singularities 70 3.5 Conclusion 73 Acknowledgments 73 References 73 4 Quantum Optics 77 Howard Carmichael 4.1 Introduction 77 4.2 Fundamentals 78 4.3 Open Systems: Inputs and Outputs 87 4.4 Photon Counting 95 4.5 Cavity and Circuit QED 105 References 111 5 Squeezed Light 121 A. I. Lvovsky 5.1 What is Squeezed Light? 121 5.2 Salient Features of Squeezed States 128 5.3 Detection 136 5.4 Preparation 141 5.5 Applications in Quantum Information 148 5.6 Applications in Quantum Metrology 154 5.7 Conclusion and Outlook 157 References 158 6 Electromagnetic Theory of Materials 165 Tom G. Mackay 6.1 Preamble 165 6.2 Macroscopic Viewpoint 166 6.3 Constitutive Dyadics 171 6.4 Linear Materials 178 6.5 Nonlinear Materials 194 6.6 Closing Remarks 198 References 199 7 Surface and Cavity Nanophotonics 205 Mohamed Babiker 7.1 Introduction 205 7.2 Basic Formalism 207 7.3 Dipole Emitter Near Edge 211 7.4 Quantum Correlations 215 7.5 Entanglement 217 7.6 Wedge Cavities 219 7.7 Conclusions 223 Acknowledgments 225 References 225 8 Quantum Electrodynamics 229 A. Salam 8.1 Introduction 229 8.2 Molecular QED: Principle of Minimal Electromagnetic Coupling 231 8.3 Multipolar Hamiltonian 235 8.4 One-Photon Absorption 241 8.5 Emission of Light: Spontaneous and Stimulated Processes 244 8.6 Linear Light-Scattering: The Kramers Heisenberg Dispersion Formula 246 8.7 Chiroptical Effects 251 8.8 Two-Photon Absorption 255 8.9 Nonlinear Light-Scattering: Sum-Frequency and Harmonic Generation 258 8.10 Resonance Energy Transfer 261 8.11 van der Waals Dispersion Energy 264 8.12 Radiation-Induced Interparticle Forces 266 8.13 Summary and Outlook 269 References 271 9 Multiphoton Processes 279 Angus J. Bain 9.1 Introduction 279 9.2 Molecular Two-Photon Absorption: Basic Principles 282 9.3 Molecular Two-Photon Fluorescence 289 9.4 Applications and Future Prospects 307 9.5 Conclusions 309 Acknowledgments 311 References 311 10 Orbital Angular Momentum 321 Emma Wisniewski-Barker and Miles J. Padgett 10.1 Historical Introduction 321 10.2 Creating Beams with OAM 324 10.3 Micro-Manipulation through the Use of OAM 327 10.4 Beam Transformations 329 10.5 Measuring Beams with OAM 332 10.6 OAM in Classical Imaging 333 10.7 OAM in Nonlinear and Quantum Optics 333 10.8 Conclusions 335 References 335 11 Introduction to Helicity and Electromagnetic Duality Transformations in Optics 341 Ivan Fernandez-Corbaton and Gabriel Molina-Terriza 11.1 Introduction 341 11.2 Symmetries and Operators 342 11.3 Electromagnetic Duality 344 11.4 Optical Helicity and Electromagnetic Duality Symmetry 346 11.5 Duality Symmetry in Piecewise Homogeneous and Isotropic Media 347 11.6 Applications of the Framework 351 11.7 Conclusions 359 References 360 12 Slow and Fast Light 363 Robert W. Boyd and Zhimin Shi 12.1 Introduction 363 12.2 Mechanisms of Slow Light 364 12.3 Physics with Slow and Fast Light 367 12.4 Some Applications of Slow and Fast Light 374 12.5 Fundamental Limits on Slow Light 379 References 381 13 Attosecond Physics: Attosecond Streaking Spectroscopy of Atoms and Solids 387 Uwe Thumm Qing Liao Elisabeth M. Bothschafter Frederik Sussmann Matthias F. Kling and Reinhard Kienberger 13.1 Introduction 387 13.2 Time-Resolved Photoemission from Atoms 393 13.3 Streaked Photoemission from Solids 407 13.4 Attosecond Streaking from Nanostructures 425 13.5 Conclusions 432 Acknowledgments 434 References 434 Index 443

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781118225530
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 472
  • ID: 9781118225530
  • weight: 788
  • ISBN10: 1118225538

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

Prices are for internet purchases only. Prices and availability in WHSmith Stores may vary significantly

Close