This volume illuminates the disciplinary character of photosynthesis, which spans (bio)physics to agronomy. The book will help provide students with the necessary conceptual outlook for integrating information from the bioenergetic and enzymatic angles, obtained at the molecular level, with the physiology of chloroplasts, leaves and eventually crops. It therefore serves the larger interests of both students and researchers in the areas of agriculture, biotechnology, biochemistry, biophysics, plant physiology, and molecular biology, who are engaged in studying not only the basic aspects of photosynthesis, a major process determining biomass production, but also its relationship to plant productivity.
Part 1 Chloroplast genome: the chloroplast genome - genetic potential and its expression. Part 2 Photosystems: photosystem I reaction centre in oxygenic photosynthetic organisms - current views and the future; oxidation of wate to molecular oxygen; stoichometry of proton uptake by thylakoids during electron transport in chloroplasts. Part 3 Coordination and regulation: regulation of the 32 kD-D1 photosystem II reaction centre protein; regulation of electron transport at the acceptor side of photosystem II by herbicides, bicarbonate and formate; photosynthesis and Herbicides - effects of pyridazinones on chloroplast function and biogenesis; interactions between electron transport and carbon assimilation in leaves - coordination of activities and control; leaf senescence-induced alterations in structure and function of higher plant chloroplasts; maximizing light interception - the role of chloroplast disposition in cells and thylakoid membrane architecture. Part 4 Carbon assimilation and partitioning: structure, function and regulation of ribulose; 1,5-Bisphosphate carboxylase in higher plants; C4 photosynthesis and C3-C4 intermediacy - adaptive strategies for semiarid tropics; interaction between carbon and nitrogen metabolism; assimilate partitioning within leaves of small grain cereals; source and sink relationship; photosynthetic characteristics of fruiting structures cultivated crops. Part 5 Stress - CO2 enrichment: effects of water stress on photosynthesis of crops and the biochemical mechanism; effect of heavy metals on photoynthesis in higher plants; the role of carotenoids in protection against photoinhibition; carbon dioxide enrichment effects on photosynthesis and plant growth; the influence of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on allocation patterns of carbon and nitrogen in plants from natural vegetations. Part 6 Genetic variation - productivity: genetic variation in photosynthetic characteristics in wheat - causes and consequences; the significance of light - limiting photosynthesis to crop canopy carbon gain and productivity - a theoretical analysis; leaf photosynthesis in rice in relation to grain yield; photosynthesis improvement as a way to increase crop yield.