This book offers concise information on the properties of polymeric materials, particularly those most relevant to physical chemistry and chemical physics. Extensive updates and revisions to each chapter include eleven new chapters on novel polymeric structures, reinforcing phases in polymers, and experiments on single polymer chains. The study of complex materials is highly interdisciplinary, and new findings are scattered among a large selection of scientific and engineering journals. This book brings together data from experts in the different disciplines contributing to the rapidly growing area of polymers and complex materials.
Preface to the Second Edition. -Preface to the First Edition. -STRUCTURE. -Chain Structures. -Names, Acronyms, Classes, and Structures of Some Important Polymers. -THEORY. -The Rotational Isomeric State Model. -Computational Parameters. -Theoretical Models and Simulations of Polymer Chains. -Scaling, Exponents, and Fractal Dimensions. -THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES. -Densities, Coefficients of Thermal Expansion, and Compressibilities of Amorphous Polymers. -Thermodynamic Properties of Proteins. -Heat Capacities of Polymers. -Thermal Conductivity. -Thermodynamic Quantities Governing Melting. -The Glass Temperature. -Sub-Tg Transitions. -Polymer-Solvent Interaction Parameter c. -Theta Temperatures. -Solubility Parameters. -Mark-Houwink-Staudinger-Sakurada Constants. -Polymers and Supercritical Fluids. -Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends. -SPECTROSCOPY. -NMR Spectroscopy of Polymers. -Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy to Study the Molecular Dynamics of Polymers Having Different Molecular Architectures. -Group Frequency Assignments for Major Infrared Bands Observed in Common Synthetic Polymers. -Small Angle Neutron and X-Ray Scattering. -MECHANICAL PROPERTIES. -Mechanical Properties. -Chain Dimensions and Entanglement Spacings. -Temperature Dependences of the Viscoelastic Response of Polymer Systems. -Adhesives. -Some Mechanical Properties of Typical Polymer-Based Composites. -Polymer Networks and Gels. -Force Spectroscopy of Polymers: Beyond Single Chain Mechanics. -REINFORCING PHASES. -Carbon Black. -Properties of Polymers Reinforced with Silica. -Physical Properties of Polymer/Clay Nanocomposites. -Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS). -Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composites: Recent Developments in Mechanical Properties. -Reinforcement Theories. -CRYSTALLINITY AND MORPHOLOGY. -Densities of Amorphous and Crystalline Polymers. -Unit Cell Information on Some Important Polymers. -Crystallization Kinetics of Polymers. -Block Copolymer Melts. -Polymer Liquid Crystals and Their Blends. -The Emergence of a New Macromolecular Architecture: 'The Dendritic State'. -Polyrotaxanes. -Foldamers: Nanoscale Shape Control at the Interface Between Small Molecules and High Polymers. -Recent Advances in Supramolecular Polymers. -ELECTRO-OPTICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES. -Conducting Polymers: Electrical Conductivity. -Conjugated Polymer Electroluminescence. -Magnetic, Piezoelectric, Pyroelectric, and Ferroelectric Properties of Synthetic and Biological Polymers. -Nonlinear Optical Properties of Polymers. -Refractive Index, Stress-Optical Coefficient, and Optical Configuration Parameter of Polymers. -RESPONSES TO RADIATION, HEAT, AND CHEMICAL AGENTS. -Ultraviolet Radiation and Polymers. -The Effects of Electron Beam and g-Irradiation on Polymeric Materials. -Flammability. -Thermal-Oxidative Stability and Degradation of Polymers. -Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers for Medical Applications. -Biodegradability of Polymers. -Properties of Photoresist Polymers. -Pyrolyzability of Preceramic Polymers. -OTHER PROPERTIES. -Surface and Interfacial Properties. -Acoustic Properties. -Permeability of Polymers to Gases and Vapors. -MISCELLANEOUS. -Definitions. -Units and Conversion Factors. -Subject Index