Whether competent, terminally ill patients have a right to die with the assistance of their physicians or whether state and national governments have legitimate interests in forbidding the exercise of this right are the central questions around which this book revolves. In either case, essential constitutional issues as well as ethical and medical reflections enter the debate. This book, blending original sources and expert commentary, prepares its readers to enter the discussion by providing an accessible and concise introduction to the law and politics of physician-assisted suicide. Its timely appearance also sets the stage for understanding future state referenda, court decisions, legislation, and executive orders expected in 2002 and beyond.
Susan M. Behuniak is professor of political science at Le Moyne College. Arthur G. Svenson is professor of government at University of Redlands.
Part 1 Part I Background and Terminology Chapter 2 Document 1.1 "The American Way of Dying" Chapter 3 Document 1.2 "Death and Dignity: A Case of Individualized Decision Making" Chapter 4 Document 1.3 "Physician Aid in Dying" Chapter 6 Document 1.4 When Death is Sought ;The New York State Task Force in Life and the Law Chapter 7 Document 1.5 "Declaration of Jane Roe" Chapter 8 Questions for Reflection and Discussion ; Additional Sources Cited Part 9 Part II Direct Democracy and the PAS Debate Chapter 10 Document 2.1 The Oregon Death With Dignity Act of 1994 Chapter 11 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 12 Additional Sources Cited Part 13 Part III PAS and the Elements of Legal Analysis Chapter 14 Document 3.1 United States Constitution, Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1 Chapter 15 Document 3.2 Washington Revised Code 9A.36.060 Chapter 16 Document 3.3 New York Penal Law 125.15(3) Chapter 17 Document 3.4 New York Penal Law 120.30 Chapter 18 Document 3.5 Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health Chapter 19 Document 3.6 Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey Chapter 20 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 21 Additional Sources Cited Part 22 Part IV The Litigation Begins: PAS on Trial in the Federal District Courts Chapter 23 Document 4.1 Compassion in Dying v. Washington Chapter 24 Document 4.2 Quill v. Koppell Chapter 25 Document 4.3 Lee v. State of Oregon Chapter 26 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 27 Additional Sources Cited Part 28 Part V The Cases in Federal Courts of Appeals Chapter 29 Document 5.1 Compassion in Dying v. Washington Chapter 30 Document 5.2 Compassion in Dying v. State of Washington Chapter 31 Document 5.3 Quill v. Vacco (1996) Chapter 32 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 33 Additional Sources Cited Part 34 Part VI A Change in Players and Forums: Entering the U. S. Supreme Court Chapter 36 Document 6.1 "Supreme Court Voting Behavior: 1996 Term" Chapter 38 Document 6.2 "The Justices of the Supreme Court" Chapter 39 Questions for Reflection and Discussion; Additional Sources Cited Part 40 Part VII Informing the Court Chapter 41 Document 7.1 Brief for Petitioners, Washington v. Glucksberg Chapter 42 Document 7.2 Brief for Respondents Washington v. Glucksberg Chapter 43 Document 7.3 Brief for Petitioners Vacco and Pataki, Vacco v. Quill Chapter 44 Document 7.4 Brief for Respondents Vacco v. Quill Chapter 46 Document 7.5 Brief of the AMA, ANA, and APA et. al as Amici Curiae of the American Medical Association et al. Chapter 47 Document 7.6 Brief Amici Curiae of the National Association of Prolife Nurses et al. Chapter 48 Document 7.7 Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Hospice Organization Chapter 49 Document 7.8 Brief Amicus Curiaeof the American Suicide Foundation Chapter 50 Document 7.9 Brief Amici Curiaeof Not Dead Yet and American Disabled fro Attendant Programs Today Chapter 51 Document 7.10 Brief Amicus Curiaeof Agudath Israel of America Chapter 52 Document 7.11 Brief Amicus Curiaeof the American Life League Chapter 53 Document 7.12 Brief Amicus Curiaeof Bioethics Professors Chapter 54 Document 7.13 Brief Amicus Curiaeof States Chapter 55 Document 7.14 Brief Amicus Curiaeof the American Civil Liberties Union, et al. Chapter 56 Document 7.15 Brief Amicus Curiae of Law Professors Chapter 57 Document 7.16 Brief Amicus Curiae of Americans For Death With Dignity, et al. Chapter 58 Document 7.17 Brief Amicus Curiaeof 36 Religious Organizations, Leaders and Scholars Chapter 59 Document 7.18 Brief Amicus Curiae of Bioethicists Chapter 60 Document 7.19 Brief Amicus Curiaeof Gay Men's Health Crisis, et al. Chapter 61 Document 7.20 Brief Amicus Curiaeof Surviving Family Members Chapter 62 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 63 Additional Sources Cited Part 64 Part VIII Before the Court Chapter 65 Document 8.1 "Oral Arguments in Washington v. Glucksberg" Chapter 66 Document 8.2 "Oral Arguments in Vacco v. Quill" Chapter 67 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 68 Additional Sources Cited Part 69 Part IX The Supreme Court Decides Chapter 70 Document 9.1 Majority Opinion, Washington v. Glucksberg Chapter 71 Document 9.2 Majority Opinion, Vacco v. Quill Chapter 72 Document 9.3 Justice O' Connor, concurring Chapter 73 Document 9.4 Justice Stevens, concurring in the judgments Chapter 74 Document 9.5 Justice Souter, concurring in the judgments Chapter 75 Document 9.6 Justice Breyer, concurring in the judgments Chapter 76 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 77 Additional Sources Cited Part 78 Part X The States Respond Chapter 79 Document 10.1 Measure 51: The Legislature's Arguments to Repeal DWDA Chapter 80 Document 10.2 Measure 51: Voter's Arguments to Repeal DWDA Chapter 81 Document 10.3 Measure 51: Voter's Arguments to Sustain DWDA Chapter 82 Document 10.4 "Legalized Physician-Assisted Suicide in Oregon-The First Year" Chapter 83 Document 10.5 "Legalized Physician-Assisted Suicide in Oregon-The Second Year" Chapter 84 Document 10.6 "Legalized Physician-Assisted Suicide in Oregon-1998-2000 Chapter 85 Document 10.7 Judge Jessica Cooper's Sentencing Statement to Jack Kevorkian Chapter 86 Document 10.8 Assemblywoman Dion Aroner, Statement at California's Assembly Judiciary Comittee Chapter 87 Document 10.9 Paul longmore, Testimony Before California's Assembly Judiciary Committee Chapter 88 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Part 89 Part XI The Executive Branch Responds Chapter 90 Document 11.1 letter of Representative Henry Hyde and Senator Orrin Hatch to DEA Administrator Thomas K. Constantine Chapter 91 Document 11.2 President Clinton's Statement on the Signing of the Assisted Suicide Funding Restriction Act of 1997 Chapter 92 Document 11.3 Letter of DEA Administrator Thomas K. Constantine to Representative Henry Hyde Chapter 93 Document 11.4 Letter of Attorney General Janet Reno to Representative Henry Hyde Chapter 94 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 95 Additional Sources Cited Part 96 Part XII The Congress Responds Chapter 97 Document 12.1Statement of Rep. Henry Hyde on the Lethal Drug Abuse prevention Act (LDAPA) of 1998 Chapter 98 Document 12.2 Statement of John A. Kitzhaber on the LDAPA Chapter 99 Document 12.3 Statement of Thomas R. Reardon on the LDAPA Chapter 100 Document 12.4 Statement of Thomas J. Marzen on the LDAPA Chapter 101 Document 12.5 Statement of Senator Don Nickles on the LDAPA Chapter 102 Document 12.6 Statement of Senator Ron Wyden on the LDAPA Chapter 103 Document 12.7 Letter of the American Medical Association to Chairman Henry Hyde on the Pain Relief Promotion Act (PRPA) of 1999 Chapter 104 Document 12.8 Testimony of David Orentlicher on the PRPA Chapter 105 Document 12.9 Remarks of Representative Ron Paul and Representative Henry Hyde on the PRPA Chapter 106 Questions for Reflection and Discussion Chapter 107 Additional Sources Cited Chapter 108 Afterword: PAS and the Anatomy of Future Constitutional Law Issues