Physics for Scientists & Engineers Vol. 1 (Chs 1-20) with MasteringPhysics (4th edition)

Physics for Scientists & Engineers Vol. 1 (Chs 1-20) with MasteringPhysics (4th edition)

By: Douglas C. Giancoli (author)Mixed Media

Up to 2 WeeksUsually despatched within 2 weeks

Description

For the calculus-based General Physics course primarily taken by engineers and science majors (including physics majors). This long-awaited and extensive revision maintains Giancoli's reputation for creating carefully crafted, highly accurate and precise physics texts. Physics for Scientists and Engineers combines outstanding pedagogy with a clear and direct narrative and applications that draw the student into the physics. The new edition also features an unrivaled suite of media and online resources that enhance the understanding of physics. This book is written for students. It aims to explain physics in a readable and interesting manner that is accessible and clear, and to teach students by anticipating their needs and difficulties without oversimplifying. Physics is a description of reality, and thus each topic begins with concrete observations and experiences that students can directly relate to. We then move on to the generalizations and more formal treatment of the topic. Not only does this make the material more interesting and easier to understand, but it is closer to the way physics is actually practiced.

About Author

Douglas C. Giancoli obtained his BA in physics (summa cum laude) from UC Berkeley, his MS in physics at MIT, and his PhD in elementary particle physics back at the UC Berkeley. He spent 2 years as a post-doctoral fellow at UC Berkeley's Virus lab developing skills in molecular biology and biophysics. His mentors include Nobel winners Emilio Segre and Donald Glaser. He has taught a wide range of undergraduate courses, traditional as well as innovative ones, and continues to update his textbooks meticulously, seeking ways to better provide an understanding of physics for students. Doug's favorite spare-time activity is the outdoors, especially climbing peaks. He says climbing peaks is like learning physics: it takes effort and the rewards are great.

Contents

APPLICATIONS LIST xii PREFACE xiv AVAILABLE SUPPLEMENTS AND MEDIA xxii NOTES TO STUDENTS (AND INSTRUCTORS) ON THE FORMAT xxiv COLOR USE: VECTORS, FIELDS, AND SYMBOLS xxv 1 INTRODUCTION, MEASUREMENT,1 ESTIMATING 1 1-1 The Nature of Science 2 1-2 Models, Theories, and Laws 2 1-3 Measurement and Uncertainty; Significant Figures 3 1-4 Units, Standards, and the SI System 6 1-5 Converting Units 8 1-6 Order of Magnitude: Rapid Estimating 9 *1-7 Dimensions and Dimensional Analysis 12 SUMMARY 14 QUESTIONS 14 PROBLEMS 14 GENERAL PROBLEMS 16 2 DESCRIBING MOTION: KINEMATICS2 IN ONE DIMENSION 18 2-1 Reference Frames and Displacement 19 2-2 Average Velocity 20 2-3 Instantaneous Velocity 22 2-4 Acceleration 24 2-5 Motion at Constant Acceleration 28 2-6 Solving Problems 30 2-7 Freely Falling Objects 34 *2-8 Variable Acceleration; Integral Calculus 39 *2-9 Graphical Analysis and Numerical Integration 40 SUMMARY 43 QUESTIONS 43 PROBLEMS 44 GENERAL PROBLEMS 48 3 KINEMATICS IN TWO OR THREE3 DIMENSIONS; VECTORS 51 3-1 Vectors and Scalars 52 3-2 Addition of Vectors-Graphical Methods 52 3-3 Subtraction of Vectors, and Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar 54 3-4 Adding Vectors by Components 55 3-5 Unit Vectors 59 3-6 Vector Kinematics 59 3-7 Projectile Motion 62 3-8 Solving Problems Involving Projectile Motion 64 3-9 Relative Velocity 71 SUMMARY 74 QUESTIONS 75 PROBLEMS 75 GENERAL PROBLEMS 80 4 DYNAMICS: NEWTON'S LAWS4 OF MOTION 83 4-1 Force 84 4-2 Newton's First Law of Motion 84 4-3 Mass 86 4-4 Newton's Second Law of Motion 86 4-5 Newton's Third Law of Motion 89 4-6 Weight-the Force of Gravity; and the Normal Force 92 4-7 Solving Problems with Newton's Laws: Free-Body Diagrams 95 4-8 Problem Solving-A General Approach 102 SUMMARY 102 QUESTIONS 103 PROBLEMS 104 GENERAL PROBLEMS 109 5 USING NEWTON'S LAWS:5 FRICTION, CIRCULAR MOTION, DRAG FORCES 112 5-1 Applications of Newton's Laws Involving Friction 113 5-2 Uniform Circular Motion-Kinematics 119 5-3 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion 122 5-4 Highway Curves: Banked and Unbanked 126 *5-5 Nonuniform Circular Motion 128 *5-6 Velocity-Dependent Forces: Drag and Terminal Velocity 129 SUMMARY 130 QUESTIONS 131 PROBLEMS 132 GENERAL PROBLEMS 136 6 GRAVITATION AND NEWTON'S6 SYNTHESIS 139 6-1 Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation 140 6-2 Vector Form of Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation 143 6-3 Gravity Near the Earth's Surface; Geophysical Applications 143 6-4 Satellites and "Weightlessness" 146 6-5 Kepler's Laws and Newton's Synthesis 149 *6-6 Gravitational Field 154 6-7 Types of Forces in Nature 155 *6-8 Principle of Equivalence; Curvature of Space; Black Holes 155 SUMMARY 157 QUESTIONS 157 PROBLEMS 158 GENERAL PROBLEMS 160 7 WORK AND ENERGY 163 7-1 Work Done by a Constant Force 164 7-2 Scalar Product of Two Vectors 167 7-3 Work Done by a Varying Force 168 7-4 Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Principle 172 SUMMARY 176 QUESTIONS 177 PROBLEMS 177 GENERAL PROBLEMS 180 8 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY 183 8-1 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces 184 8-2 Potential Energy 186 8-3 Mechanical Energy and Its Conservation 189 8-4 Problem Solving Using Conservation of Mechanical Energy 190 8-5 The Law of Conservation of Energy 196 8-6 Energy Conservation with Dissipative Forces: Solving Problems 197 8-7 Gravitational Potential Energy and Escape Velocity 199 8-8 Power 201 *8-9 Potential Energy Diagrams; Stable and Unstable Equilibrium 204 SUMMARY 205 QUESTIONS 205 PROBLEMS 207 GENERAL PROBLEMS 211 9 LINEAR MOMENTUM 214 9-1 Momentum and Its Relation to Force 215 9-2 Conservation of Momentum 217 9-3 Collisions and Impulse 220 9-4 Conservation of Energy and Momentum in Collisions 222 9-5 Elastic Collisions in One Dimension 222 9-6 Inelastic Collisions 225 9-7 Collisions in Two or Three Dimensions 227 9-8 Center of Mass (CM) 230 9-9 Center of Mass and Translational Motion 234 *9-10 Systems of Variable Mass; Rocket Propulsion 236 SUMMARY 239 QUESTIONS 239 PROBLEMS 240 GENERAL PROBLEMS 245 10 ROTATIONAL MOTION 248 10-1 Angular Quantities 249 10-2 Vector Nature of Angular Quantities 254 10-3 Constant Angular Acceleration 255 10-4 Torque 256 10-5 Rotational Dynamics; Torque and Rotational Inertia 258 10-6 Solving Problems in Rotational Dynamics 260 10-7 Determining Moments of Inertia 263 10-8 Rotational Kinetic Energy 265 10-9 Rotational Plus Translational Motion; Rolling 267 *10-10 Why Does a Rolling Sphere Slow Down? 273 SUMMARY 274 QUESTIONS 275 PROBLEMS 276 GENERAL PROBLEMS 281 11 ANGULAR MOMENTUM; GENERAL ROTATION 284 11-1 Angular Momentum-Object Rotating About a Fixed Axis 285 11-2 Vector Cross Product; Torque as a Vector 289 11-3 Angular Momentum of a Particle 291 11-4 Angular Momentum and Torque for a System of Particles; General Motion 292 11-5 Angular Momentum and Torque for a Rigid Object 294 11-6 Conservation of Angular Momentum 297 *11-7 The Spinning Top and Gyroscope 299 *11-8 Rotating Frames of Reference; Inertial Forces 300 *11-9 The Coriolis Effect 301 SUMMARY 302 QUESTIONS 303 PROBLEMS 303 GENERAL PROBLEMS 308 12 STATIC EQUILIBRIUM; ELASTICITY AND FRACTURE 311 12-1 The Conditions for Equilibrium 312 12-2 Solving Statics Problems 313 12-3 Stability and Balance 317 12-4 Elasticity; Stress and Strain 318 12-5 Fracture 322 *12-6 Trusses and Bridges 324 *12-7 Arches and Domes 327 SUMMARY 329 QUESTIONS 329 PROBLEMS 330 GENERAL PROBLEMS 334 13 FLUIDS 339 13-1 Phases of Matter 340 13-2 Density and Specific Gravity 340 13-3 Pressure in Fluids 341 13-4 Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure 345 13-5 Pascal's Principle 346 13-6 Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the Barometer 346 13-7 Buoyancy and Archimedes' Principle 348 13-8 Fluids in Motion; Flow Rate and the Equation of Continuity 352 13-9 Bernoulli's Equation 354 13-10 Applications of Bernoulli's Principle: Torricelli, Airplanes, Baseballs, TIA 356 *13-11 Viscosity 358 *13-12 Flow in Tubes: Poiseuille's Equation, Blood Flow 358 *13-13 Surface Tension and Capillarity 359 *13-14 Pumps, and the Heart 361 SUMMARY 361 QUESTIONS 362 PROBLEMS 363 GENERAL PROBLEMS 367 14 OSCILLATIONS 369 14-1 Oscillations of a Spring 370 14-2 Simple Harmonic Motion 372 14-3 Energy in the Simple Harmonic Oscillator 377 14-4 Simple Harmonic Motion Related to Uniform Circular Motion 379 14-5 The Simple Pendulum 379 *14-6 The Physical Pendulum and the Torsion Pendulum 381 14-7 Damped Harmonic Motion 382 14-8 Forced Oscillations; Resonance 385 SUMMARY 387 QUESTIONS 388 PROBLEMS 388 GENERAL PROBLEMS 393 15 WAVE MOTION 396 15-1 Characteristics of Wave Motion 397 15-2 Types of Waves: Transverse and Longitudinal 398 15-3 Energy Transported by Waves 403 15-4 Mathematical Representation of a Traveling Wave 405 *15-5 The Wave Equation 407 15-6 The Principle of Superposition 409 15-7 Reflection and Transmission 410 15-8 Interference 412 15-9 Standing Waves; Resonance 413 *15-10 Refraction 416 *15-11 Diffraction 418 SUMMARY 419 QUESTIONS 419 PROBLEMS 420 GENERAL PROBLEMS 424 16 SOUND 426 16-1 Characteristics of Sound 427 16-2 Mathematical Representation of Longitudinal Waves 428 16-3 Intensity of Sound: Decibels 429 16-4 Sources of Sound: Vibrating Strings and Air Columns 433 *16-5 Quality of Sound, and Noise; Superposition 438 16-6 Interference of Sound Waves; Beats 439 16-7 Doppler Effect 441 *16-8 Shock Waves and the Sonic Boom 445 *16-9 Applications: Sonar, Ultrasound, and Medical Imaging 446 SUMMARY 448 QUESTIONS 449 PROBLEMS 450 GENERAL PROBLEMS 453 17 TEMPERATURE, THERMAL EXPANSION, AND THE IDEAL GAS LAW 456 17-1 Atomic Theory of Matter 457 17-2 Temperature and Thermometers 458 17-3 Thermal Equilibrium and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics 461 17-4 Thermal Expansion 461 *17-5 Thermal Stresses 464 17-6 The Gas Laws and Absolute Temperature 465 17-7 The Ideal Gas Law 467 17-8 Problem Solving with the Ideal Gas Law 468 17-9 Ideal Gas Law in Terms of Molecules: Avogadro's Number 470 *17-10 Ideal Gas Temperature Scale-a Standard 471 SUMMARY 472 QUESTIONS 473 PROBLEMS 473 GENERAL PROBLEMS 476 18 KINETIC THEORY OF GASES 478 18-1 The Ideal Gas Law and the Molecular Interpretation of Temperature 478 18-2 Distribution of Molecular Speeds 482 18-3 Real Gases and Changes of Phase 484 18-4 Vapor Pressure and Humidity 486 *18-5 Van der Waals Equation of State 488 *18-6 Mean Free Path 489 *18-7 Diffusion 491 SUMMARY 492 QUESTIONS 493 PROBLEMS 494 GENERAL PROBLEMS 496 19 HEAT AND THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS 498 19-1 Heat as Energy Transfer 499 19-2 Internal Energy 500 19-3 Specific Heat 501 19-4 Calorimetry-Solving Problems 502 19-5 Latent Heat 504 19-6 The First Law of Thermodynamics 507 19-7 Applying the First Law of Thermodynamics; Calculating the Work 509 19-8 Molar Specific Heats for Gases, and the Equipartition of Energy 513 19-9 Adiabatic Expansion of a Gas 516 19-10 Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, Radiation 517 SUMMARY 522 QUESTIONS 523 PROBLEMS 524 GENERAL PROBLEMS 528 20 SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS 530 20-1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics-Introduction 531 20-2 Heat Engines 532 20-3 Reversible and Irreversible Processes; the Carnot Engine 535 20-4 Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, and Heat Pumps 538 20-5 Entropy 541 20-6 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 543 20-7 Order to Disorder 546 20-8 Unavailability of Energy; Heat Death 547 *20-9 Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law 548 *20-10 Thermodynamic Temperature Scale; Absolute Zero and the Third Law of Thermodynamics 550 *20-11 Thermal Pollution, Global Warming, and Energy Resources 551 SUMMARY 554 QUESTIONS 554 PROBLEMS 555 GENERAL PROBLEMS 559

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780136139232
  • Format: Mixed Media
  • ID: 9780136139232
  • weight: 1480
  • ISBN10: 013613923X
  • edition: 4th edition

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