The monograph is devoted to the relatively new and fast developing field of cluster physics. It is based on talks given at the Cluster Workshops, which were held in Pushchino in 1995 and 1996. The reports focus not only on the fundamental physical properties of clusters such as their geometric and electronic structure, as well as optical, thermal and magnetic properties, but also on a broad spectrum of their potential applications. These include nucleation and growth of small particles, fabrication of new materials with predefined properties (cluster-assembled and nanostructures). Some aspects of simulations and calculations of small particles and clusters are also discussed.We hope that our monograph will be of interest to a broad range of readers who will be able to sense the excitement of the talks.
Part 1 Reviews: clusters in fullerene solutions, V.N. Bezmelnitsyn et al; growth mechanisms of single-shell and many-shell nanotubes and cones, Yu E. Lozovik and A.M. Popov; processes in a cluster plasma, B.M. Smirnov; the structure and dynamics of clusters consisting of few atoms, A.V. Nemukhin; dendrimers are a new class of molecules-particles - simulation of their structure and properties, M.A. Maso. Part 2 New methods: applications of gas cluster ion beams for materials processing, I. Yamada; quantum time correlation functions in the generalized molecular dynamic method, V.S. Filinov; optimized jellium model for clusters with screened colulomb interaction, V.K. Ivanov and A.N. Ipatov; computer simulation of irregular covalent structures, A.S. Kaklyugin and H. Norman; clusterization of inert gases on an excess electron, G.N. Chuev. Part 3 Numerical modelling: numerical modelling of water clusters, G.G. Malenkov and D.L. Tytik; one-electron atom in a cavity as a model for the electronic structure of internal atoms in a cluster, A.V. Scherbinin et al; molecular dynamics study of cluster evolution in a three-temperature system, D.I. Zhukhovitskii; nonempirical modelling of small positively charged water clusters, Yu V. Novakovskaya and N.F. Stepanov. Part 4 Special topics: dynamical modulation of quantum beating and the rate of transitions in three-level systems, M.D. Ermolaeva and K.V. Shaitan; polaron states in molecular clusters, N.K. Balabaev et al; cluster model of selfconsistent nucleon states in nucleus, V. Lakhno; first size corrections to the chemical potential of electrons, V.V. Pogosov; theoretical modelling and experimental measurement of enthalpy changes in reactions of ion solution, N.B. Zolotoi and G.V. Karpov.