Physics of Cryogenics: An Ultralow Temperature Phenomenon discusses the significant number of advances that have been made during the last few years in a variety of cryocoolers, such as Brayton, Joule-Thomson, Stirling, pulse tube, Gifford-McMahon and magnetic refrigerators. The book reviews various approaches taken to improve reliability, a major driving force for new research areas. The advantages and disadvantages of different cycles are compared, and the latest improvements in each of these cryocoolers is discussed. The book starts with the thermodynamic fundamentals, followed by the definition of cryogenic and the associated science behind low temperature phenomena and properties.
This book is an ideal resource for scientists, engineers and graduate and senior undergraduate students who need a better understanding of the science of cryogenics and related thermodynamics.
1. Cryogenics Technologies 2. Properties of Pure Substances 3. Mixtures 4. Work and Heat 5. First Law of Thermodynamics 6. Second Law of Thermodynamics 7. The Kinetic Theory of Gases 8. Reversible Work, Irreversibility, and Exergy (Availability) 9. Gas Kinetic Theory of Entropy 10. Thermodynamic Relations 11. Heat Transfer 12. Concept of Cryogenic, Basic Principles 13. Transport Properties of Solids at Cryogenic State 14. Cryogenic Equipment, Systems, and Applications Appendix A: Tables and Properties of Solids and Fluids at Cryogenic State