In the past decade, there has been a dramatic growth in research examining the development of emotion from a physiological perspective. However, this widespread use of physiological measures to study emotional development coexists with relatively few guiding principles, thus reducing opportunities to move the field forward in innovative ways. The goal of this monograph is to present the state of thescience on the physiology of emotion from a developmental perspective in order to take stock of the knowledge base at this historical moment in time and to cultivate greater integrationand coordination in the field as a whole. The authors of the 13 chapters comprising this monograph provide brief and focused essays that emphasize 5 core themes: the time course of emotion, the context of physiological measurement, the nature of developing physiological and behavioral systems, the specificity of associations between physiological measures and distinct aspects of emotion, and coordination among multiple physiological systems. This monograph has four parts. Part 1 describes integrative measurement approaches to the study of emotion and physiology, including measurementof multiple biological systems and a focus on individual differences in the links between physiology and emotion. Part 2 emphasizes socialization and contextual and environmental factors that influence the physiology of emotion. Part 3 reviews maladaptive physiological processes that underlie or influenceaffective disruptions and affective psychopathology. Part 4 describes overarching issues in the study of physiology and emotional development, articulating measurement guidelines and cutting-edge methods and statistical techniques. The work presented here represents the current state of the field, as well as exciting new directions that have the potential to revolutionize our understanding of emotional well-being, risk, and psychopathology. Taken together these 13 essays provide an innovative view on the psychophysiology of emotion, emotional well-being, and affective psychopathology from a developmental perspective.
Tracy A. Dennis is Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Biopsychology and Behavioral Neuroscience doctoral program at Hunter College of the City University of New York. Her research focuses on neurobiological processes underlying the development of emotion regulation, emotional competence, and affective psychopathology in childhood and across the adult life span. In addition, her current work examines attentional biases and patterns of emotion cognition integration that influence adjustment. Paul D. Hastings is Professor of Psychology at the Center for Mind and Brain at the University of California Davis. His research is focused on the transactional and bidirectional contributions of children s regulatory systems and socialization experiences to trajectories of social and emotional development, with particular emphasis on empathy and prosocial behavior, inhibition and anxiety, and aggression and disruptive behavior.
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION TO THE MONOGRAPH: PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES OF EMOTION FROM A DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVE: STATE OF THE SCIENCE INTRODUCTION TO SECTION ONE: INTEGRATIVE APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF PHYSIOLOGY AND EMOTION EEG/ERP MEASURES OF EMOTION COGNITION INTEGRATION DURING DEVELOPMENT EMOTION CORTISOL TRANSACTIONS OCCUR OVER MULTIPLE TIME SCALES IN DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH ON EMOTION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL DISORDERS NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN TEMPERAMENT: A BRAIN BODY APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING FEARFUL AND FEARLESS CHILDREN INTRODUCTION TO SECTION TWO: SOCIALIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN THE PHYSIOLOGY OF EMOTION PARENT INFANT SYNCHRONY: A BIOBEHAVIORAL MODEL OF MUTUAL INFLUENCES IN THE FORMATION OF AFFILIATIVE BONDS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND EMOTION SOCIALIZATION THE IMPORTANCE OF BIOLOGICAL METHODS IN LINKING SOCIAL EXPERIENCE WITH SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION TO SECTION THREE: PHYSIOLOGY AND AFFECTIVE PSYCHOPATHOLOGY PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES OF EMOTION DYSREGULATION: INVESTIGATING THE DEVELOPMENT OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS PHYSIOLOGICAL MARKERS OF EMOTION AND BEHAVIOR DYSREGULATION IN EXTERNALIZING PSYCHOPATHOLOGY NEUROENDOCRINE REGULATION AND EMOTIONAL ADAPTATION IN THE CONTEXT OF CHILD MALTREATMENT INTRODUCTION TO SECTION FOUR: OVERARCHING ISSUES AND METHODOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS: WHAT CAN PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASURES REVEAL ABOUT EMOTION? MEASURING THE PHYSIOLOGY OF EMOTION AND EMOTION REGULATION TIMING IS EVERYTHING THE HYPOTHALAMIC PITUITARY ADRENOCORTICAL SYSTEM AND EMOTION: CURRENT WISDOM AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF EMOTION PROCESSES ASPECTS OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS: EEG COHERENCY AND fMRI CONNECTIVITY MAPPING REFERENCES CONTRIBUTORS STATEMENT OF EDITORIAL POLICY SUBJECT INDEX