Physiology and Behaviour of Plants

Physiology and Behaviour of Plants

By: Peter Scott (author)Paperback

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Physiology and Behaviour of Plants looks at plants and how they sense and respond to their environment. It takes the traditional plant physiology book into a new dimension by demonstrating how the biochemical observations underlie the behaviour of the plant. In many ways the book parallels courses studied at university on animal physiology and behaviour. The plant has to meet the same challenges as an animal to survive, but overcomes these challenges in very different ways. Students learn to think of plants not only as dynamic organisms, but aggressive, territorial organisms capable of long-range communication. Hallmark features include: Based on a successful course that the author has run for several years at Sussex University, UK Relates plant biochemistry to plant function Printed in four colour throughout Includes a wealth of illustrations and photographs that engages the reader's attention and reinforce key concepts explored within the text Presents material in a modern 'topic' based approach, with many relevant and exciting examples to inspire the student An accompanying web site will include teaching supplements This innovative textbook is the ultimate resource for all students in biology, horticulture, forestry and agriculture. Companion website for this title is available at

About Author

Having first been excited by the complexity and beauty of the plant kingdom as a student in Cambridge, Peter Scott is now Senior Lecturer in Plant Biology at the University of Sussex, where his research interests include orchids, resurrection plants and helping students to understand the wonder of the natural world around them.


Chapter 1 Introducing Plants Introduction The beginning: the evolution of plants and the major divisions Conquering the land The evolution of lignin Plants and mass extinction Floristic kingdoms, Biogeography and Biomes What makes a plant? Structure of the whole plant Structure of the plant cell The chloroplast The vacuole Microbodies The cell wall Plasmodesmata References Figure Legends Chapter 2 Photosynthesis the ultimate in autotrophy Introduction Light harvesting Leaf form Chlorophyll and the chloroplast Converting light energy into chemical energy The Calvin cycle Photorespiration Carbohydrate synthesis and storage The fate of carbon fixed during photosynthesis The efficiency of photosynthesis References Figure Legends Chapter 3 Nonphotosynthetic metabolism Introduction Phloem transport Structure of the phloem Coping with damage to the phloem The sink tissues Sink regulation of photosynthesis References Figure Legends Chapter 4 Roots and the uptake of water Introduction Types of root Functions of roots Structure of roots Osmosis Loading and movement in the xylem Stomata References Figure legends Chapter 5 Mineral nutrition of plants Introduction Soil structure and mineral ions General ion uptake Phosphorus uptake and assimilation Nitrogen uptake and assimilation Iron uptake and assimilation Sulphur uptake and assimilation Function and effects of deficiencies of mineral ions on plants Major elements Minor elements References Figure legends Chapter 6 Mycorrhizal Associations and Saprophytic Nutrition Introduction Mycorrhizal associations Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal associations Orchidaceous mycorrhizal associations Ectomycorrhiza Ericaceous mycorrhiza Ectendomycorrhiza Development of the mycorrhizal association The role of the mycorrhizal association Saprophytic nutrition References Figure Legends Chapter 7 Parasitic plants Introduction Establishing a parasitic relationship Facultative parasitic plants Obligate parasitic plants, hemi-parasites Obligate parasitic plants, holo-parasites Parasitic species other than the dicotyledons References Tables Figure Legends Chapter 8 Carnivorous Plants Introduction Carnivory: the search for a definition Why have some plants turned to carnivory? Bladderworts (genus Utricularia) Sundews (genus Drosera) References Background general reading Figure Legends Chapter 9 Asexual and Sexual Reproduction Introduction Asexual Reproduction Roots Stems Leaves Apomixis Sexual Reproduction Wind based pollination Insect based pollination Pollination Mechanisms for improving cross fertilisation Self incompatibility mechanisms Trifolium repens Apple ( Malus) Papaver rhoeas Petunia hybrida Petunia inflata Seed development References Figure Legends Chapter 10 Plant growth Introduction Types of growth Cell division and the cell cycle Polyploidy in plants Seed formation and germination The dividing meristem Flower development Vascular cambium and secondary growth Intercalary meristem Cell death Plant growth regulators and cell growth References Figure Legends Chapter 11 Plant Movement Introduction Tropism and nastic movements Tropic movements Nastic movements Circumnutation References Figure Legends Chapter 12 Plants and stress Introduction Adaptations to drought stress Crassulacean acid metabolism C4 photosynthesis Resurrection plants Salt stress Flooding stress and anoxia Cold stress Adaptations to heat stress References Chapter 13 Plant senses and perceiving the world Introduction Sensing light (sight) Protochlorophyllide Phytochromes Cryptochrome Sensing time Circadian clock Photoperiodism Sensing touch (feeling) Sensing chemicals (taste) Communicating (smell) Sensing sounds (hearing) References Table 1. Ratios of red to far-red light in different environments. The data is based on that reported by Hopkins (1999) Figure Legends. Chapter 14 Seed dispersal, dormancy and germination Introduction Seed dispersal Gravity-mediated dispersal Wind-mediated dispersal Water-mediated dispersal Animal-mediated dispersal Importance of post-dispersal mechanisms Dormancy and germination Recalcitrant seeds Dormant seeds Factors governing dormancy and germination Presence of germination inhibitors Presence of inhibitory tissues Presence of germination promoters References Figure Legends Chapter 15 Interactions with the Animal Kingdom Introduction Animal mediated pollination Mimicry in plants Batesian mimicry Mullerian mimicry Aggressive mimicry Seed dispersal and food reserves: the role of humans References Figure Legends Chapter 16 Plant defences Introduction Physical defence structures The cuticle The cell wall The cell wall as a passive barrier The cell wall as an active barrier Poisons by injection or touch Chemical defences Terpenes Nitrogen-containing organic compounds Cyanogenic glycosides Glycosinolates Lectins Alkaloids Defence reactions and signal pathways Jasmonic acid Salicylic acid Systemin. Phytoalexins Allelopathy Recognising self Mimicry and the enrolment of other organisms for protection References Figure Legends Chapter 17 Plants and Medicines Introduction Doctrine of signatures Viper's bugloss ( Echium vulgare) Ethnobotany The origins of aspirin The origins of antimalarial drugs St John's Wort (Hypericum spp.) Natural alternatives to Viagra Natural treatments for AIDS A cure for certain cancers Sustainable development of medicines from plants References Figure legends Chapter 18 Plant Tissue Culture and the Rise of Plant Biotechnology Introduction The development of plant tissue culture media Components of the medium Major elements Minor elements Carbohydrates Vitamins Plant growth regulators Tissue culture sterility Types of plant tissue culture Applications of plant tissue culture References Figure legends. Chapter 19 Remarkable Plants Introduction Insect mimicry in the Orchidaceae The Venus Flytrap The oldest and biggest plants in the world Tallest plants Cycads Welwitschia mirabilis and Ephedra viridis The Castor bean plant Garlic Theobroma cacao Wheat and agriculture References Figure legends. Indexp

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780470850251
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 318
  • ID: 9780470850251
  • weight: 868
  • ISBN10: 0470850256

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