European integration not only has changed career opportunities for politicians, it has expanded them. This book is dedicated to the study of political career patterns. It focuses on parliamentary careers in select European countries, but the U.S. is also included as a long-standing system with multi-level politics.
The chapters, from an impressive range of scholars, represent a systematic investigation into level-hopping practices in Europe. While discussing the logic of moves across political levels, special attention is given to the impact of institutional reforms. The results indicate that the traditional model of career mobility, with the national level as the apex of a career, is still of importance in most countries -
however, a clear trend towards multi-directional political careers is found.
Dr. Michael Edinger is Senior Lecturer in Political Science and Sociology at the University of Jena, Germany. Dr. Stefan Jahr is Senior Information Analyst at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
Making Sense of Multi-Level Parliamentary Careers: An Introduction Stefan Jahr and Michael Edinger Reshaping Political Careers in Post-transition Italy: A Synchronic Analysis Michele Lo Russo and Luca Verzichelli Career Movements across Parliamentary Levels: The German Case Stefan Jahr Springboard or Elephants' Graveyard: The Position of the European Parliament in the Careers of German MPs Michael Edinger Level-Hopping in Belgium: A Critical Appraisal of 25 Years of Federalism (1981-2006) Stefaan Fiers and Jo Noppe Political Careers between Local and National Offices: The Example of Romania Laurentiu Stefan National Mandates as Stepping Stones to Europe: The Danish Experience Ulrik Kjaer Legislative Careers in a Multi-Level Europe Klaus Stolz Legislative Professionalisation and Legislative Careers in the United States Peverill Squire Notes on Contributors