Although international relations as a field focuses largely on war and peace between nation-states, the vast majority of conflicts have been within countries rather than between them. This is particularly true today, with scarcely any ongoing interstate wars raging between countries, but dozens of armed civil conflicts occurring within them. This new four-volume major work surveys competing theories about the causes, character, and conclusion of substate political violence, and explores how states, non-state actors, and the international community attempt to resolve political violence.
This new four-volume collection combines theories from international relations and comparative politics with empirical studies of recent and ongoing conflicts.
Volume One: Concepts and Theories of Political Violence
Volume Two: Causes of Political Violence
Volume Three: Dynamics of Political Violence
Volume Four: Responses and Alternatives to Political Violence
Erica Chenoweth, Ph.D. is Associate Professor at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver and an Associate Senior Researcher at the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO). An internationally recognized authority of political violence, Chenoweth's research program involves three main questions: why do non-state groups use political violence, what are the alternatives to political violence, and how can states best combat non-state political violence? Together with Maria J. Stephan, she is the winner of the 2013 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order, which is presented annually in recognition of outstanding proposals for creating a more just and peaceful world order, for their book Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict (Columbia University Press, 2011).
VOLUME ONE: CONCEPTS AND THEORIES OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE The Melian Dialogue from History of the Peloponnesian Wars - Thucydides War Is an Instrument of Policy and Arming the Nation, from On War - Carl von Clausewitz The Renaissance of Security Studies - Stephen Walt Human Security - Roland Paris Paradigm Shift or Hot Air? War-Making and State-Making as Organized Crime - Charles Tilly Transnational Dimensions of Civil War - Kristian Gleditsch The Diffusion of Revolution - Kurt Weyland '1848' in Europe and Latin America Silver or Lead - William Finnegan The Drug Cartel La Familia Gives Local Officials a Choice: Take a Bribe or a Bullet What Is Civil War? Conceptual and Empirical Complexities of an Operational Definition - Nicholas Sambanis 'New' and 'Old' Civil Wars - Stathis Kalyvas A Valid Distinction? States, Insurgents and Wartime Political Orders - Paul Staniland Hobbes and the Congo - Severine Autesserre Frames, Local Violence and International Intervention The Core Commitments of Critical Terrorism Studies - Richard Jackson The Case for Calling Them Nitwits - Daniel Byman and Christine Fair Non-State Actors and the Diffusion of Innovations - Michael Horowitz The Case of Suicide Terrorism Looking for Waves of Terrorism - Karen Rasler and William Thompson VOLUME TWO: CAUSES OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE Final Solutions - Benjamin Valentino The Causes of Mass Killing and Genocide Violence against Civilians in War - Kristine Eck and Lisa Hultman Insights from New Fatality Data Ethnicity, Insurgency and Civil War - James Fearon and David Laitin Greed, Grievance and Mobilization in Civil Wars - Patrick Regan and Daniel Norton The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict - Barry Posen Symbolic Politics or Rational Choice? Testing Theories of Extreme Ethnic Violence - Stuart Kaufman Horizontal Inequalities and Ethno-Nationalist Civil War - Lars-Erik Cederman, Nils B. Weidmann and Kristian Skrede Gledistch A Global Comparison Ideology in Context - James Ron Explaining Sendero Luminoso's Tactical Escalation Spoiling inside and out - Wendy Pearlman Internal Political Contestation and the Middle East Peace Process Following the money: Muslim versus Muslim in Bosnia's civil war - Fotini Christia Does Conflict Beget Conflict? Explaining Recurring Civil War - Barbara Walter The Causes of Terrorism - Martha Crenshaw The Structural Causes of Oppositional Political Terrorism - Jeffrey Ian Ross Towards a Causal Model VOLUME THREE: DYNAMICS OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE Wanton and Senseless? The Logic of Massacres in Algeria - Stathis Kalyvas Moral Disengagement in the Perpetration of Inhumanities - Albert Bandura The Dynamic Relationship between Protest and Repression - Sabine Carey Between a Rock and a Hard Place - Paul Staniland Insurgent Fratricide, Ethnic Defection and the Rise of Pro-State Paramilitaries Transnational Rebels - Idean Saleyhan Neighboring States as Sanctuary for Rebel Groups Variation in Sexual Violence during War - Elisabeth Jean Wood Strategic Engineered Migration as a Weapon of War - Kelly Greenhill Strategies of Terrorism - Barbara Walter and Andrew Kydd The political effectiveness of terrorism revisited - Max Abrahms Palestinian Suicide Bombing - Mia Bloom Public Support, Market Share and Outbidding Why do some civil wars last so much longer than others? - James Fearon Rage against the Machines - Jason Lyall and Isaiah Wilson III Explaining Outcomes in Counter-Insurgency Wars VOLUME FOUR: RESPONSES AND ALTERNATIVES TO POLITICAL VIOLENCE Give War a Chance - Edward Luttwak Ending Civil Wars - Monica Duffy Toft A Case for Rebel Victory? Does Indiscriminate Violence Incite Insurgent Attacks? Evidence from Chechnya - Jason Lyall The Dynamics of Violence in Vietnam: - Matthew Adam Kocher and Stathis Kalyvas An Analysis of the Hamlet Evaluation System (HES) Spoiler Problems in Peace Processes - Stephen Stedman Escaping the symbolic politics trap: Reconciliation initiatives and conflict resolution in ethnic wars - Stuart Kaufman International Peace-Building - Michael Doyle and Nicholas Sambanis A Theoretical and Quantitative Analysis When Duty Calls - Robert Pape A Pragmatic Standard of Humanitarian Intervention Stabilizing the Peace after Civil War - Caroline Hartzell, Matthew Hoddie and Donald Rothchild An Investigation of Some Key Variables Why Respecting Physical Integrity Rights Reduces Terrorism - James Walsh and James Piazza Negotiating with Terrorists - Peter Neumann Why Civil Resistance Works - Maria Stephan and Erica Chenoweth The Strategic Logic of Non-Violent Conflict