Polymer Science and Technology (3rd Revised edition)

Polymer Science and Technology (3rd Revised edition)

By: Joel R. Fried (author)Hardback

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Description

The Definitive Guide to Polymer Principles, Properties, Synthesis, Applications, and Simulations Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field's current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics. This edition's new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more. A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume. Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references. In-depth coverage includes * Polymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering * Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization * Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more * Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites-including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS * Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets * Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers * Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling * Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations

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About Author

Dr. Joel R. Fried is professor and chair of the department of chemical and biomedical engineering at Florida State University. Previously, he was professor and the Wright Brothers Endowed Chair in Nanomaterials at the University of Dayton. He is also professor emeritus of chemical engineering and fellow of the graduate school at the University of Cincinnati, where he directed the Polymer Research Center and led the department of chemical engineering. He holds B.S. degrees in biology and chemical engineering, and an M.E. degree in chemical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He also holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in polymer science and engineering from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Contents

Preface xv Preface to Second Edition xvii Preface to First Edition xix Acknowledgments xxi About the Author xxiii Chapter 1: Introduction to Polymer Science 1 1.1 Classification of Polymers 3 1.2 Polymer Structure 8 1.3 Molecular Weight 15 1.4 Chemical Structure and Thermal Transitions 20 Suggested Reading 22 Problems 22 References 24 Chapter 2: Polymer Synthesis 25 2.1 Step-Growth Polymerization 26 2.2 Chain-Growth Polymerization 31 2.3 Polymerization Techniques 64 2.4 Polymer Reactivity 74 2.5 Special Topics in Polymer Synthesis 81 2.6 Chemical Structure Determination 86 Suggested Reading 92 Problems 95 References 98 Chapter 3: Conformation, Solutions, and Molecular Weight 101 3.1 Polymer Conformation and Chain Dimensions 102 3.2 Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions 109 3.3 Measurement of Molecular Weight 129 Suggested Reading 146 Problems 146 References 150 Chapter 4: Solid-State Properties 153 4.1 The Amorphous State 154 4.2 The Crystalline State 159 4.3 Thermal Transitions and Properties 167 4.4 Mechanical Properties 183 Suggested Reading 202 Problems 203 References 204 Chapter 5: Viscoelasticity and Rubber Elasticity 207 5.1 Introduction to Viscoelasticity 208 5.2 Introduction to Rubber Elasticity 248 Suggested Reading 255 Problems 256 References 259 Chapter 6: Polymer Degradation and the Environment 261 6.1 Polymer Degradation and Stability 262 6.2 Management of Plastics in the Environment 272 Suggested Reading 279 References 279 Chapter 7: Additives, Blends, Block Copolymers, and Composites 281 7.1 Additives 282 7.2 Polymer Blends and Interpenetrating Networks 293 7.3 Block Copolymers 306 7.4 Composites 310 7.5 Nanocomposites 318 Suggested Reading 326 Problems 328 References 329 Chapter 8: Biopolymers, Natural Polymers, and Fibers 331 8.1 Biopolymers and Other Naturally Occuring Polymers 332 8.2 Fibers 346 Suggested Reading 358 Problems 359 References 359 Chapter 9: Thermoplastics, Elastomers, and Thermosets 361 9.1 Commodity Thermoplastics 362 9.2 Elastomers 374 9.3 Thermosets 386 Suggested Reading 393 Problems 394 References 395 Chapter 10: Engineering and Specialty Polymers 397 10.1 Engineering Plastics 399 10.2 Specialty Polymers 412 Suggested Reading 431 Problems 433 References 433 Chapter 11: Polymer Processing and Rheology 435 11.1 Basic Processing Operations 436 11.2 Introduction to Polymer Rheology 446 11.3 Analysis of Simple Flows 461 11.4 Rheometry 468 11.5 Modeling of Polymer-Processing Operations 476 Appendices 485 Suggested Reading 487 Problems 488 References 491 Chapter 12: Polymers for Advanced Technologies 493 12.1 Membrane Science and Technology 494 12.2 Biomedical Engineering and Drug Delivery 526 12.3 Applications in Electronics and Energy 533 12.4 Photonic Polymers 541 12.5 Sensor Applications 544 Suggested Reading 547 Problems 550 References 550 Chapter 13: Correlations and Simulations in Polymer Science 553 13.1 Group-Contribution Methods 554 13.2 Topological Indices 574 13.3 Artificial Neural Network 578 13.4 Molecular Simulations 581 13.5 Applications of Molecular Simulations 591 Suggested Reading 611 Problems 612 References 612 Appendix A: Polymer Abbreviations 617 Appendix B Representative Properties of Some Important Commercial Polymers 621 Appendix C ASTM Standards for Plastics and Rubber 623 Appendix D SI Units and Physical Constants 627 Appendix E Mathematical Relationships 629 Appendix F The Major Elements 635 Index 637

Product Details

  • publication date: 24/06/2014
  • ISBN13: 9780137039555
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 688
  • ID: 9780137039555
  • weight: 1194
  • ISBN10: 0137039557
  • edition: 3rd Revised edition

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