"Political clientelism" is a term used to characterize the contemporary relationships between political elites and the poor in Latin America in which goods and services are traded for political favors. Javier Auyero critically deploys the notion in Poor People's Politics to analyze the political practices of the Peronist Party among shantytown dwellers in contemporary Argentina.
Looking closely at the slum-dwellers' informal problem-solving networks, which are necessary for material survival, and the different meanings of Peronism within these networks, Auyero presents the first ethnography of urban clientelism ever carried out in Argentina. Revealing a deep familiarity with the lives of the urban poor in Villa Paraiso, a stigmatized and destitute shantytown of Buenos Aires, Auyero demonstrates the ways in which local politicians present their vital favors to the poor and how the poor perceive and evaluate these favors. Having penetrated the networks, he describes how they are structured, what is traded, and the particular way in which women facilitate these transactions. Moreover, Auyero proposes that the act of granting favors or giving food in return for votes gives the politicians' acts a performative and symbolic meaning that flavors the relation between problem-solver and problem-holder, while also creating quite different versions of contemporary Peronism. Along the way, Auyero is careful to situate the emergence and consolidation of clientelism in historic, cultural, and economic contexts.
Poor People's Politics reexamines the relationship between politics and the destitute in Latin America, showing how deeply embedded politics are in the lives of those who do not mobilize in the usual sense of the word but who are far from passive. It will appeal to a wide range of students and scholars of Latin American studies, sociology, anthropology, political science, history, and cultural studies.
Javier Auyero is Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long Professor of Latin American Sociology at the University of Texas, Austin.
Acknowledgments ix Who Is Who in the Peronist Network xiii Introduction: The Day of the Rally Complaining about T-shirts on Peron's Birthday 1 1. "They Were Mostly Poor People" Poverty and Inequality in Contemporary Buenos Aires 29 2. "Most of Them Were Coming from Villa Paraiso" History and Lived Experiences of Shantytown Dwellers 45 3. "They Knew Matilde" The Problem-Solving Network 80 4. "We Will Fight Forever, We Are Peronists" Eva Peron as a Public Performance 119 5. The "Clientelist" Viewpoint How Shantytown Dwellers Perceive and Evaluate Political Clientelism 152 6. "They Were All Peronists" The Remnants of the Populist Heresy 182 Conclusions Problem Solving through Political Mediation as a Structure of Feeling 205 Epilogue Last Rally 215 Notes 219 Bibliography 237 Index 255