This book contextualises case studies across a wide variety of languages and cultures, crystallising key interrelationships between linguistic standardisation and prescriptivism, and between ideas and practices. It focuses on different traditions of standardisation and prescription throughout the world and addresses questions such as how nationalistic idealisations of `traditional' language persist (or shift) amid language change, linguistic variation and multilingualism. The volume explores issues of standardisation and the sociolinguistic phenomenon of prescription as a formative influence on the notional standard language as well as the interconnections between these in a wide range of geographical contexts. It balances the otherwise strong emphasis on English in English language publications on prescriptivism and breaks new ground with its multilingual approach across languages and nations. The book will appeal to scholars working within different linguistic traditions interested in questions relating to all aspects of standardisation and prescriptivism.
Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade is Professor and Chair of English Sociohistorical Linguistics at the University of Leiden, The Netherlands. Her research focuses on sociohistorical linguistics, standardisation and prescriptivism, Late Modern English, 18th and 19th-century letter writing, and Jane Austen's language. Carol Percy is Professor of English at the University of Toronto, Canada. Her main research interests are Late Modern English, standardisation and prescriptivism, history of education, women's studies, and children's literature.
Acknowledgements Contributors Introduction 1. Carol Percy and Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade: Prescription and Tradition: Establishing Standards across Time and Space Part 1: General and Theoretical 2. Dick Smakman and Sandra Nekesa Barasa: Defining "Standard": Towards a Crosscultural Definition of the Language Norm 3. Florian Coulmas: Prescriptivism and Writing Systems 4. Henning Kloeter: "What is Correct Chinese?" Revisited 5. Felix K. Ameka: The Uselessness of the Useful: Language Standardisation and Variation in Multilingual Contexts 6. Katja Lochtman: Prescriptivism and Sociolinguistic Competence in German as a Foreign Language Part 2: Prescription and Tradition 7. Wendy Ayres-Bennett and Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade: Prescriptivism in a Comparative Perspective: The Case of France and England 8. Rita Queiroz de Barros: "A Higher Standard of Correctness than is Quite Desirable": Linguistic Prescriptivism in Charles Dickens' Journals 9. Gijsbert Rutten and Rik Vosters: Competing Language Norms in the Southern Low Countries (1815-1830) 10. Heimir van der Feest Vidarsson: The Syntax of Others: "Un-Icelandic" Verb Placement in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Icelandic 11. Dominik Banhold: School Grammars and Language Guides: Prescriptivism in the German Language Codex in the Early Twentieth Century Part 3: Usage Guides: An English Tradition 12. Robin Straaijer: A Perspective on Prescriptivism: Language in Reviews of The New Fowler's Modern English Usage 13. Mark Kaunisto: Which Entries Need to be Standardised? Variation in the Choice of Entries in Usage Guides 14. Matthijs Smits: "Garnering" Respect? The Emergence of Authority in the American Usage Tradition 15. Don Chapman: Stalwarts, SNOOTs and Some Readers: How "Traditional Rules" are Traditional Part 4: Re-defining Boundaries: Current Issues and Challenges 16. Martin Gill: "Goodbye, Sweet England": Language, Nation and Normativity in Popular British News Media 17. Danielle Candel: Prescription and Tradition: From the French Dictionnaire de l'Academie to the Official French Language Enrichment Process (1996-2014) 18. Arto Mustajoki: Challenges in the Standardisation of Contemporary Russian 19. Loreta Vaicekauskiene: Language Regimentation as Soviet Inheritance: Joining Scholarship and State Ideology 20. Aleksandra Gjurkova: Prescription and Language Management in Macedonia 21. Pieter Duijff: The Standardisation Process of Frisian: A Word List as a Result 22. Miren Lourdes Onederra: The Standardisation of Pronunciation: Basque Today, between Maintenance and Variation 23. Pam Peters: Epilogue: On Establishing the Standard Language - and Language Standards Index