Chemical products such as enzymes, antibiotics, solvents, proteins, antibodies, vaccines, hormones, interferons, etc. are in great demand as commercial commodities. There is an emerging trend towards utilizing biochemical processes for creating these products.These processes are characterized by their low energy requirement, the specificity of the chemicals produced and their mild environmental conditions.
All chemical and biochemical processes require a reaction vessel, a reactor, along with otherdownstream processing equipment. The reactor is recognized as the heart of any reaction process - its efficiency determines the economic feasibility of the process. Designing an efficient reactor requires the knowledge of appropriate kinetics, favourable hydrodynamic conditions and suitable mass and heat transfer.
The book deals with some basic aspects of reactor design for both chemical and biochemical systems. The first three chapters introduce the kinetics of chemical reaction engineering, the mechanistic model of catalytic gas-solid reactions and the residence time distribution for non-ideal reactors. These concepts are extended to biochemical reactor design. Characteristic features of enzyme kinetics both in free and immobilized state and microbial rate processes are covered in successive chapters. Advanced topics such as reactor dynamics, transport phenomena and membrane bioreactors have been incorporated wherever appropriate. The theoretical explanation is supported by solved and unsolved numerical problems.
Binoy Ranjan Maiti obtained his B.Tech in Chemical Engineering from Calcutta University and his M.Tech and Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from IIT Kharagpur. He was a faculty member in the Department of Chemical Engineering from 1968 to 2002, becoming a professor in 1985, and a post-doctoral fellow in the University of Ghent, Belgium from 1975 to 1977. He was a professor emeritus in the Department of Biotechnology at the Heritage Institute of Biotechnology, Kolkata, from 2002 to 2012. His fields of interest include Reaction Engineering Kinetics, Chemical Engineering, Thermodynamics, Biochemical Engineering and pollution control, among others. He has published 65 technical papers in various national and international journals.