Convicted criminals are sentenced to jail terms, fines, probation, community service, and sometimes execution. Prison and the Penal System discusses how the justice system deals with criminals in relation to their crimes. It looks at the prison system and its history, discusses relevant social and political issues, and explores concerns of rehabilitation, prison overcrowding, mandatory sentencing, and gangs in prisons. This informative new title also examines prison as a deterrent to crime and discusses the debate over capital punishment. Chapters include: Crime and Punishment; State Prisons; Federal Prisons; Capital Punishment; Alternative Sentencing.