Protection of Global Biodiversity: Converging Strategies

Protection of Global Biodiversity: Converging Strategies

By: Jeffrey A. McNeely (editor), Lakshman Guruswamy (editor)Hardback

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Description

The rate of extinction of biological species is greater today than at any time in the last 65 million years. Some predict that if this rate continues, two-thirds of all living species will disappear during the next century. Because reaching consensus on specific courses of action involves complex issues, any adequate response to this impending crisis must include coverage of many areas of inquiry and understanding. Protection of Global Biodiversity features essays by distinguished international experts who communicate with each other across disciplinary boundaries to address the challenge of formulating policies to protect biodiversity. Although the global community has recently adopted a Convention of Biological Diversity, the agreement sets forth only abstract goals. Contributors to this volume advance the Convention's initial steps by providing workable solutions that can be implemented regionally, nationally, and locally. The contributors-including natural, social, and political scientists; economists; lawyers; and environmentalists; and decisionmakers in business, agriculture, and government-have united to create a common discourse and to evaluate and propose strategies for halting this alarming loss of biodiversity. In recognizing the diverse aspects of this task-scientific, economic, institutional, moral, and legal-this book presents a new picture of emerging action.Contributors. S. James Anaya, Gregory Benford, Graciela Chichilnisky, S. Todd Crider, Yvonne Cripps, Robert T. Fraley, Anil K. Gupta, Lakshman D. Guruswamy, G. M. Heal, Brent Hendricks, Robert B. Horsch, Laura L. Jackson, Annie Lovejoy, Ariel E. Lugo, Jeffrey A. McNeely, Brian G. Norton, Elinor Ostrom, Peter H. Raven, John W. Reid, Walter V. Reid, Mark Sagoff, Roger A. Sedgo, R. David Simpson, Ana Sittenfeld, Christopher D. Stone, Gary H. Toenniessen

About Author

Lakshman D. Guruswamy is Professor of Law at the University of Tulsa and Director of the National Energy-Environmental Law and Policy Institute. Jeffrey A. McNeely is the Chief Scientist of the World Conservation Union (IUCN).

Contents

Acknowledgments ix Introduction / Lakshman D. Guruswamy and Jeffrey A. McNeely 1 I. Identifying the Problem: An Overview Biological Extinction: Its Scope and Meaning for Us / Peter H. Raven and Jeffrey A. McNeely 13 Biodiversity and Public Policy: The Middle of the Road / Ariel E. Lugo 33 II. Scientific Responses Biotechnology Can Help Reduce the Loss of Biodiversity / Robert B. Horsch and Robert T. Fraley 49 Agricultural Industrialization and the Loss of Biodiversity / Laura L. Jackson 66 An Ex Situ "Library of Life" Strategy / Gregory Benford 87 III. Economic Responses Sustainable Development and North-South Trade / Graciela Chichilnisky 101 Markets and Biodiversity / Geoffrey M. Heal 118 The Commercialization of Indigenous Genetic Resources as Conservation and Development Policy / R. David Simpson, Roger A. Sedjo, and John W. Reid 129 IV. Institutional Responses Scales, Polycentricity, and Incentives: Designing Complexity to Govern Complexity / Elinor Ostrom 149 Halting the Loss of Biodiversty: International Institutional Measures / Walter V. Reid 168 Rewarding Local Communities for Conserving Biodiversity: The Case of the Honey Bee / Anil K. Gupta 180 International Research on Crop Plants: Strategies for Utilizing Biotechnology and Proprietary Products / Gary H. Toenniessen 190 The Mayagna Indigenous Community of Nicaragua: Moving from Conflict to a Convergence of Interests / S. James Anaya and S. Todd Crider 202 Biodiversity Prospecting Frameworks: The INBio Experience in Costa Rica / Ana M. Sittenfeld and Annie Lovejoy 223 V. Moral Responses Biological Resources and Endangered Species: History, Values, and Policy / Bryan G. Norton 247 On the Uses of Biodiversity / Mark Sagoff 265 VI. Legal Implementation What to Do About Biodiversity: The Earth's Biological Riches in Law and Economics / Christopher D. Stone 287 Aspects of Intellectual Property in Biotechnology: Some European Legal Perspectives / Yvonne Cripps 316 Animals as Inventions: Biotechnology and Intellectual Property Rights / Mark Sagoff 331 The Convention of Biological Diversity: A Polemic / Lakshman D. Guruswamy 351 Transformative Possibilities: Reinventing the Convention on Biological Diversity / Brent Hendricks 360 Conclusion: How to Save the Biodiversity of Planet Earth / Jeffrey A. McNeely and Lakshman D. Guruswamy 376 Appendix 393 Contributors 415 Index 421

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780822321507
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 440
  • ID: 9780822321507
  • ISBN10: 0822321505

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