Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling

By: Fengge Gao (author), Abdellatif Miraoui (author), Benjamin Blunier (author)Hardback

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Description

The fuel cell is a potential candidate for energy storage and conversion in our future energy mix. It is able to directly convert the chemical energy stored in fuel (e.g. hydrogen) into electricity, without undergoing different intermediary conversion steps. In the field of mobile and stationary applications, it is considered to be one of the future energy solutions. Among the different fuel cell types, the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell has shown great potential in mobile applications, due to its low operating temperature, solid-state electrolyte and compactness. This book presents a detailed state of art of PEM fuel cell modeling, with very detailed physical phenomena equations in different physical domains. Examples and a fully coupled multi-physical 1.2 kW PEMFC model are given help the reader better understand how to use the equations.

About Author

F. Gao, B. Blunier is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Transport and Systems Laboratory (SeT), Universit de Technologie de Belfort-Montb liard (UTBM), Belfort Cedex, France. A. Miraoui is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Transport and Systems Laboratory (SeT), Universit de Technologie de Belfort-Montb liard (UTBM), Belfort Cedex, France.

Contents

Introduction ix Nomenclature xiii Part 1: State of the Art: Of Fuel Cells Modeling 1 Chapter 1. General Introduction 3 1.1. What is a fuel cell? 3 1.2. Types of fuel cells 5 Chapter 2. PEMFC Structure 13 2.1. Bipolar plates 15 2.2. Membrane electrode assembly 16 Chapter 3. Why Model a Fuel Cell? 21 3.1. Advantages of modeling and simulation 22 3.2. Complex system modeling methods 23 3.3. Modeling goals 26 Chapter 4. How Can a Fuel Cell be Modeled? 31 4.1. Space dimension: 0D, 1D, 2D, 3D 31 4.2. Temporal behavior: static or dynamic 32 4.3. Type: analytical, semi-empirical, empirical 33 4.4. Modeled areas: stack, single cell, individual layer 34 4.5. Modeled phenomena 35 Chapter 5. Literature Models Synthesis 37 5.1. 50 models published in the literature 37 5.2. Model classification 42 Part 2: Modeling of the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell 47 Chapter 6. Model Structural and Functional Approaches 49 Chapter 7. Stack-Level Modeling 53 7.1. Electrical domain 53 7.2. Fluidic domain 54 7.3. Thermal domain 61 Chapter 8. Cell-Level Modeling (Membrane-Electrode Assembly, MEA) 69 8.1. Electrical domain 69 8.2. Fluidic domain 85 8.3. Thermal domain 89 Chapter 9. Individual Layer Level Modeling 91 9.1. Electrical domain 91 9.2. Fluidic domain 104 9.3. Thermal domain 134 Chapter 10. Finite Element and Finite Volume Approach 141 10.1. Conservation of mass 141 10.2. Conservation of momentum 142 10.3. Conservation of matter 143 10.4. Conservation of charge 143 10.5. Conservation of energy 144 Part 3: 1D Dynamic Model of a Nexa Fuel Cell Stack 147 Chapter 11. Detailed Nexa Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Stack Modeling 149 11.1. Modeling hypotheses 149 11.2. Modeling in the electrical domain 150 11.3. Modeling in the fluidic domain 159 11.4. Thermal domain modeling 179 11.5. Set of adjustable parameters 201 Chapter 12. Model Experimental Validation 205 12.1. Multiphysical model validation with a 1.2 kW fuel cell stack 205 Bibliography 227 Index 235

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781848213395
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 256
  • ID: 9781848213395
  • weight: 588
  • ISBN10: 1848213395

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  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

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