This book is all about ellipsis in natural language - the phenomena in which words and phrases go missing in the linguistic signal, but are nonethe less interpreted by the receiver, eg in the following sentence, the second instance of read is understood whether or not it is spoken Claire read a book and Heather [read] a magazine. Contemporary theoretical linguistics has described several forms of ellipsis in English, and different syntactic mechanisms have been proposed which account for their structures. Kirsten Gengel investigates pseudogapping, which, she proposes, is one variety of ellipsis. At the heart of her discussion lies the interaction between focus and deletion. Her analysis - which draws on new research in Icelandic, Norwegian, Danish, and Dutch, as well as data from Portuguese, French, and English - provides a novel approach to not only this particular form of ellipsis but to the derivation of ellipsis in general, and has the potential of unifying several elliptical phenomena in generative grammar.
Kirsten Gengel studied English and French linguistics and literature at the University of Tubingen before joining the Linguistics Graduate School at the University of Stuttgart. She received her PhD in 2008 and continued as a researcher at the University, where her work focused on adjectives in the Romance Languages, Classifiers, and DP Structure.
PART I: INTRODUCTION; PART II: MOVEMENT; PART III: DELETION