This important book comprises two articles that appeared in the 1904 and 1906 volumes of Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society. In ""Life of Apushimataha,"" Gideon Lincecum tells the story of Choctaw chief Pushmataha, who was born in Mississippi in 1764. A fearless warrior, his name literally means ""one whose tomahawk is fatal in war or hunting."" As a charismatic leader, his foresight in making an alliance with General Andrew Jackson brought the Choctaws into war with the Creek Nation and into the War of 1812 but served to their benefit for many years with the United States government. In 1824, Pushmataha traveled to Washington, D.C., to negotiate the Treaty of Doak's Stand as pressure grew for Choctaw removal to Oklahoma Territory, but he fell ill and died there. He was buried with full military honors in the Congressional Cemetery at Arlington. In ""Choctaw Traditions about Their Settlement in Mississippi and the Origin of Their Mounds,"" Lincecum translates a portion of the Skukhaanumpula - the traditional history of the tribe, which was related to him verbally by Chata Immataha, ""the oldest man in the world, a man that knew everything.
Gideon Lincecum was a self-taught physician, philosopher, and naturalist who lived in the Tombigbee River region in the early 1800s and who studied Choctaw history, culture, and language all his life. Greg O'Brien is Associate Professor of History at the University of Southern Mississippi and the author of Choctaws in a Revolutionary Age, 1750-1830.