September 11, 2001, catapulted North Americans into a new political dimension in myriad ways, including increased scrutiny of immigrants and calls for tighter immigration controls. While such concerns are certainly not new in Canada or the US, their current pervasiveness provides a stark backdrop to questions of the political mobilization of racialized minorities. How have these minority communities mobilized in the past? What strategies will, and should, they employ in the future? How can Canada, with its self-proclaimed multicultural ideals, ensure equity and accessibility for racialized minorities in the political system?Race and the City approaches these questions from a comparative perspective, focusing on Chinese Canadian and Chinese American communities in Toronto and Los Angeles as a sort of multicultural "testing grounds." Shanti Fernando presents an elegant analysis of the mechanisms of political mobilization under systemic racism. Drawing on case studies, interviews, and a detailed understanding of the racialized legal and sociocultural histories of both the US and Canada, this important book argues that while increasing diversity may be a challenge for systemic inclusiveness, it is one that must be met if Canada is to uphold its vision of a truly democratic society.Of vital interest to specialists in the field, Race and the City will also have broad appeal for community leaders, and students of urban politics, community studies, political science, and ethnic studies.
Shanti Fernando is an assistant professor of political science at York University.
Preface Acknowledgments 1 Introduction: Racing against Time and Place 2 Systemic Racism in Canada 3 Toronto: Political Participation and Chinese Canadian Community Groups in the Multicultural City 4 Systemic Racism in the United States 5 Los Angeles: Political Mobilization and the Place of Chinese/Asian American Community Groups in the Multicultural City 6 Conclusion: Racing into the Future Appendix: Interview Questionnaire Notes Bibliography Index