Emphasizing the global nature of racism, this volume brings together historians from various regional specializations to explore this phenomenon from comparative and transnational perspectives. The essays shed light on how racial ideologies and practices developed, changed, and spread in Europe, Asia, the Near East, Australia, and Africa, focusing on processes of transfer, exchange, appropriation, and adaptation. To what extent, for example, were racial beliefs of Western origin? Did similar belief systems emerge in non-Western societies independently of Western influence? And how did these societies adopt and adapt Western racial beliefs once they were exposed to them? Up to this point, the few monographs or edited collections that exist only provide students of the history of racism with tentative answers to these questions. More important, the authors of these studies tend to ignore transnational processes of exchange and transfer. Yet, as this volume shows, these are crucial to an understanding of the diffusion of racial belief systems around the globe.
Manfred Berg is Curt Engelhorn Professor of American History at the University of Heidelberg. Before he came to Heidelberg, he taught at the Free University of Berlin. From 1992 to 1997, he was a research fellow (1992-1997) at the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. From 2003 to 2005, he served as the executive director of the Center for USA-Studies at the Leucorea in Wittenberg. Berg is a specialist in the history of the African American civil rights movement and race relations and has published numerous books and articles on American and international history. Simon Wendt is assistant professor of American Studies at the University of Frankfurt. His research areas are African American history, gender and memory, nationalism, and the history of heroism and hero-worship. Simon Wendt is the author of The Spirit and the Shotgun: Armed Resistance and the Struggle for Civil Rights (Gainesville, 2007). He is currently working on a history of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
Introduction Manfred Berg and Simon Wendt Chapter 1. The Racialization of the Globe: Historical Perspectives Frank Dikotter Chapter 2. How Racism Arose in Europe and Why It Did Not in the Near East Benjamin Braude Chapter 3. Culture's Shadow: RaceA" and Postnational Belonging in the Twentieth Century Christian Geulen Chapter 4. Racism and Genocide Boris Barth Chapter 5. Slavery and Racism in Nineteenth-Century Cuba Michael Zeuske Chapter 6. Towards a Transnational History of Racism: Wilhelm Marr and the Interrelationships between Colonial Racism and German Anti-Semitism Claudia Bruns Chapter 7. Transatlantic Anthropological Dialogue and the otherA": Felix von Luschan's Research in America, 1914-1915 John David Smith Chapter 8. Transits of Race: Empire and Difference in Philippine-American Colonial History Paul A. Kramer Chapter 9. Interrogating Caste and Race in South Asia Gita Dharampal-Frick and Katja Gotzen Chapter 10. The Making of a Ruling RaceA": Defining and Defending Whiteness in Colonial India Harald Fischer-Tine Chapter 11. Glocalising RaceA" in China: Concepts and Contingencies a the Turn of the Twentieth Century Gotelind Muller-Saini Chapter 12. Race without Supremacy: On Racism in the Political Discourse of Late Meiji Japan, 1890-1912 Urs Zachmann Chapter 13. Hendrik Verwoerd's Long March to Apartheid: Nationalism and Racism in South Africa Christoph Marx Chapter 14. The Right Kind of White PeopleA": Reproducing Whiteness in the United States and Australia, 1780s-1930s Gregory D. Smithers Chapter 15. Race and Indigeneity in Contemporary Australia A. Dirk Moses Notes on Contributors Selected Bibliography