This distinctive collection of original articles features contributions from many of the leading scholars of ancient Greek philosophy. They explore the concept of reason and the method of analysis and the central role they play in the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. They engage with salient themes in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and political theory, as well as tracing links between each thinker's ideas on selected topics.
The volume contains analyses of Plato's Socrates, focusing on his views of moral psychology, the obligation to obey the law, the foundations of politics, justice and retribution, and Socratic virtue. On Plato's Republic, the discussions cover the relationship between politics and philosophy, the primacy of reason over the soul's non-rational capacities, the analogy of the city and the soul, and our responsibility for choosing how we live our own lives. The anthology also probes Plato's analysis of logos (reason or language) which underlies his philosophy including the theory of forms. A quartet of reflections explores Aristotelian themes including the connections between knowledge and belief, the nature of essence and function, and his theories of virtue and grace.
The volume concludes with an insightful intellectual memoir by David Keyt which charts the rise of analytic classical scholarship in the past century and along the way provides entertaining anecdotes involving major figures in modern academic philosophy. Blending academic authority with creative flair and demonstrating the continuing interest of ancient Greek philosophy, this book will be a valuable addition to the libraries of all those studying and researching the origins of Western philosophy.
Introduction.- 1. David Keyt: A Life in the Academy.- 2. Thomas C. Brickhouse and Nicholas D. Smith: Moral Psychology in Plato's Apology.- 3. Jean Roberts: Socrates, the Athenian.- 4. Stephen Gardiner: Socrates on the Impossibility of a Reasonable Politics.- 5. Merrill Ring: Retaliation in Plato's Crito.- 6. Nils Ch. Rauhut: How Virtuous was Socrates.- 7. Allan Silverman: Plato's Republic as a Vocation.- 8. C.D.C. Reeve: Soul-Parts in Plato.- 9. Gerasimos X. Santas: Just City and Just soul in Plato's Republic.- 10. Mark McPherran: Virtue, Luck and Choice at the end of Plato's Republic.- 11. Christopher Shields: The Grounds of Logos: The Interweaving of Forms with One Another.- 12. S. Marc Cohen: Accidental Beings in Aristotle's Ontology.- 13. Frank A. Lewis: Is there room for Plato in an Aristotelian Theory of Essence?.- 14. Cass Weller: Metaphysics Z.11 and Functionalism.- 15. Fred D. Miller, Jr: Aristotle on Belief and Knowledge.- 16. Charles M. Young: Aristotelian Grace. - The Works of David Keyt.