The Republic of Korea achieved a double revolution in the second half of the twentieth century. In just over three decades, South Korea transformed itself from an underdeveloped, agrarian country into an affluent, industrialized one. At the same time, democracy replaced a long series of military authoritarian regimes. These historic changes began under President Park Chung Hee, who seized power through a military coup in 1961 and ruled South Korea until his assassination on October 26, 1979. While the state's dominant role in South Korea's rapid industrialization is widely accepted, the degree to which Park was personally responsible for changing the national character remains hotly debated. This book examines the rationale and ideals behind Park's philosophy of national development in order to evaluate the degree to which the national character and moral values were reconstructed.
Hyung-A Kim is associate professor of Korean politics at the Australian National University, and author of Korea's Development under Park Chung Hee: Rapid Industrialization, 1961-1979. Clark W. Sorensen is director of the Center for Korean Studies, University of Washington, and author of Over the Mountains Are Mountains: Korean Peasant Households and Their Adaptations to Rapid Industrialization. The other contributors are Myung-Koo Kang, Young-Jak Kim, Tadashi Kimiya, Hagen Koo, Gaven McCormack, Nak-Ch'ong Paik, James B. Palais, and Seok-Man Yoon.
PrefaceList of Illustrations Introduction / Hyung-A Kim and Clark W. Sorensen Part One | Development1. Heavy and Chemical Industrialization, 1973-1979: South Korea's Homeland Security Measures / Hyung A-Kim2. POSCO: Building an Institution / Seok-Man Yoon3. The Cold War and the Political Economy of the Park Chung Hee Regime / Tadashi KimiyaSPECIAL ESSAY4. How to Think about the Park Chung Hee Era / Nak-Chung Paik Part Two | Political Thought, Democracy, and Labor5. Park Chung Hee's Governing Ideas: Impact on National Consciousness and Identity / Young Jak Kim6. Democracy in South Korea: An Optimistic View of ROK Democratic Development / James B. Palais7. Labor Policy and Labor Relations during the Park Chung Hee Era / Hagen Koo Part Three | Cultural Influence and Civil Society8. Rural Modernization under the Park Regime in the 1960s / Clark W. Sorensen9. Compressed Modernization and the Formation of a Developmentalist Mentalite / Myungkoo Kang10. The Park Chung Hee Era nad the Genesis of Trans-Border Civil Society in East Asia / Gavan McCormack Bibliography Contributors Index