The emergence of new empirical evidence and ethical debate about families created by assisted reproduction has called into question the current regulatory frameworks that govern reproductive donation in many countries. In this multidisciplinary book, social scientists, ethicists and lawyers offer fresh perspectives on the current challenges facing the regulation of reproductive donation and suggest possible ways forward. They address questions such as: what might people want to know about the circumstances of their conception? Should we limit the number of children donors can produce? Is it wrong to pay donors or to reward them with cut-price fertility treatments? Is overseas surrogacy exploitative of women from poor communities? Combining the latest empirical research with analysis of ethics, policy and legislation, the book focuses on the regulation of gamete and embryo donation and surrogacy at a time when more people are considering assisted reproduction and when new techniques and policies are underway.
Introduction Susan Golombok, John B. Appleby, Martin Richards, Rosamund Scott and Stephen Wilkinson; 1. The development of governance and regulation of donor conception in the UK Martin Richards; Part I. International, Cross-border and Global Issues: 2. International regulation and cross-country comparisons Guido Pennings, Robert Klitzman and Fernando Zegers-Hochschild; 3. Legal regulation of family creation through gamete donation: access, identity and parentage Theresa Glennon; 4. Reproductive donation in the context of environmental and global justice Anja J. Karnein and Mattias Iser; 5. Normative and regulatory issues in cross-border reproductive health care Guido Pennings; 6. Surrogacy: issues, concerns, and complexities Vasanti Jadva; 7. A better legal framework for United Kingdom surrogacy? Natalie Gamble; Part II. How Many Children Per Donor?: 8. Sperm donors limited: psychosocial aspects of genetic connections and the regulation of offspring numbers Tabitha Freeman, Vasanti Jadva and Jenna Slutsky; 9. Limiting offspring numbers: can we justify regulation? Katharine Wright; Part III. Donors: Experiences, Motivations and Consent: 10. Regulating the 'good' donor: the expectations and experiences of sperm donors in Denmark and Victoria, Australia Susanna Graham, Sebastian Mohr and Kate Bourne; 11. Gamete donor motives, payment, and child-welfare Stephen Wilkinson; 12. Egg-sharing, motivation and consent: ethical, legal and policy issues Rosamund Scott; Part IV. Information about Donors: The Interests at Stake: 13. Thoughts and feelings about the donor: a family perspective Lucy Blake, Elena Ilioi and Susan Golombok; 14. 'Choosing' a donor: parents' perspectives on current and future donor information provision in clinically assisted reproduction Sophie Zadeh, Susan Imrie and Andrea Braverman; 15. Regulating the provision of donor information to donor-conceived children: is there room for improvement? John B. Appleby; 16. The informational needs of prospective parents: an ethical perspective Bobbie Farsides.