One of the most exciting developments in the study of religion during recent years is the application of cognitive theory. Many people are inspired by the thought that understanding human cognition can somehow help us to understand religion. Others are more sceptical. What can neurophysiology possibly tell us about social and cultural phenomena? How do we get from the neurone to the Qu'ran? This book will enlighten those who know little about cognitive theory, introducing them to the background and subject areas where cognitive approaches can be useful. Armin Geertz shows that cognitive approaches are broader and allow for many more possibilities than pioneers in the cognitive study of religion have touched upon in the past. Using a minimum of neuro-jargon and presenting clear explanations of terms where necessary, this book offers an informative guide to cognitive theory to develop plausible interpretations and explanations of religious thought and behaviour. Armin Geertz explains how cognitive theory offers a toolbox to help us to understand the texts, behaviours, and attitudes we are confronted with in the study of religion.