How do you design a research project? What is the difference in method between qualitative and quantitative research? How should psychologists go about considering the ethics of research methodology? For the `students who ask questions', this concise text provides an informative introduction to the methods of psychological research, offering an overview of the primary stages in research. From learning how to construct the initial aims and criterion of a study to presenting the final resulting data into tables and graphs, this book aims to guide psychologists through the tools that make psychological research and the understanding of its resulting data possible. Written with enthusiasm and lucidity, Walker guides readers through the appropriate methods for undertaking research, explaining the discerning features of the core types of research, the primary measurements of statistics such as the chi-squared, t and Mann-Whitney U tests and brings an apt consideration of what makes a psychological study ethical. Whether desiring to learn about how to empirically record and measure the psychological experience of an individual or the behavioural factors of an entire population, Research Methods and Statistics is the introductory short-text for learning how to undertake successful research.
This title stands as part of the Insights series edited by Nigel Holt and Rob Lewis, containing versatile, quick guides to the cornerstone theories, main topics and theoretical perspectives of their subjects and are useful for pre-undergraduate students looking to find incisive introductions to subjects that they may be considering for undergraduate study or those looking for helpful preparatory reading for undergraduate modules in the prospective subject. Also useful for undergraduate psychology-students who feel that they could benefit from some background reading in this often less-understood area of psychology.
IAN WALKER is Lecturer in Psychology and Director of Studies for Master of Research at the University of Bath, UK, and is co-author of Research with People (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).
PART I: RESEARCH DESIGN.- Introduction.- The First Three Stages of Designing a Study.- Samples and Populations.- Types of Study Observation, Experiment, Qualitative.- The Mighty Experiment.- Qualitative Research.- Ethics.- Putting it all Together: Thinking Through Two Study Designs.- PART II: STATISTICS.- How Statistics are used to Describe Research Findings .- Describing Research Findings with Graphs.- Presenting Qualitative Data.- The Chi Squared Test.- The Normal Distribution.- Looking for a Difference Between Two Sets of Numbers [t-Tests, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon].- Explain What Parametricity Is .- Looking at Relationships.- Qualitative Analysis.- PART III: REFERENCE.- Writing Research Reports.- Glossary.