Northern English has become the focus of intensive research in the past decade or so, following on a series of dedicated conferences. The present book brings together leading-edge contributions on various aspects of language use, variation and change in the North of England. The volume covers the history of English in this area as well as providing incisive studies of both the varieties of English spoken in cities and in larger parts of the area. In addition, the collection contains a number of interface studies, e.g. concerned with the borders of the North of England, both to Scotland and the South of England or dealing with second-language varieties of Northern English or with additional issues, such as enregisterment. All these contributions help to draw a comprehensive picture of this key area of the English-speaking world and point the way forward for future research.
1. Preface; 2. List of contributors; 3. The North of England and Northern English (by Hickey, Raymond); 4. The North of England: Language and Culture; 5. The enregisterment of Northern English (by Beal, Joan C.); 6. The Great Vowel Shift in the North of England (by Prichard, Hilary); 7. Morphosyntactic features of Northern English (by Buchstaller, Isabelle); 8. The history of present indicative morphosyntax from a northern perspective (by Cuesta, Julia Fernandez); 9. Northern English: Historical lexis and spelling (by Ruano-Garcia, Javier); 10. Locations within the North: Variation and Change; 11. Tyneside (by Mearns, Adam); 12. Sunderland (by Burbano-Elizondo, Lourdes); 13. Carlisle and Cumbria (by Jansen, Sandra); 14. Sheffield (by Finnegan, Katie); 15. Middlesbrough (by Llamas, Carmen); 16. Lancashire (by Barras, William); 17. Manchester English (by Baranowski, Maciej); 18. Language attitudes and divergence on the Merseyside/Lancashire border (by West, Helen Faye); 19. The North: Transitions and Borders; 20. Borders and boundaries in the North of England (by Montgomery, Chris); 21. The East Midlands (by Braber, Natalie); 22. The West Midlands (by Pickersgill, Esther); 23. Between North and South: The Fenland (by Britain, David); 24. The north above the North: Scotland and Northern English (by Maguire, Warren); 25. Non-native northern English (by Drummond, Rob); 26. Index