There has been growing concern about "failed states" around the world, and since the massacre of the Royal family in Nepal in 2001 increasing media attention has focused on the decline of the state and the rise of the Maoist rebels in this Himalayan kingdom where so many Westerners have taken trekking vacations. Development was always going to be a problem in Nepal, but few predicted the precipitous collapse of the state in rural areas in the face of the Maoist insurgency beginning in 1996 due, to a large extent, to the failure of the state to deliver promised development and benefits; instead, it became more and more authoritarian, even oppressive. Exploring the complex relationship between a modernizing, developmentalist state and the people it professes to represent, these fascinating and readable accounts of ordinary people's lives depict the various contexts out of which the Maoist insurgency grew.
David Gellner is Lecturer in the Anthropology of South Asia, University of Oxford. He is the author of Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest (1992) and The Anthropology of Buddhism and Hinduism: Weberian Themes (2001), and the co-author (with Sarah LeVine) of Rebuilding Buddhism: The Theravada Movement in Twentieth-Century Nepal (2005).
List of Tables List of Plates and Maps Preface List of Contributors Introduction: Transformations of the Nepalese State David N. Gellner SECTION I: THE STATE, DEVELOPMENT, AND LOCAL POLITICS Chapter 1. A Heterotopia of Resistance: Health, Community Forestry, and Challenges to State Centralization in Nepal Ian Harper and Christopher Tarnowski Chapter 2. Resisting the Environmentalist State Ben Campbell Chapter 3. The Politics of Difference and the Reach of Modernity: Reflections on the State and Civil Society in Central Nepal William F. Fisher Chapter 4. Nepali Politics: People-Parties Interface Krishna Hachhethu PART II: THE STATE AND ETHNIC ACTIVISM Chapter 5. How Representative is the Nepali State? Karl-Heinz Kramer Chapter 6. An 'Indigenous Minority' in a Border Area: Tharu Ethnic Associations, NGOs, and the Nepalese State Gisele Krauskopff Chapter 7. The History of the Messianic and Rebel King Lakhan Thapa: Utopia and Ideology among the Magars Marie Lecomte-Tilouine PART III: THE STATE AND MAOIST INSURGENCY Chapter 8. Democracy and Dissent in Nepal: An Overview with Some Perceptions from Dhorpatan Colin Millard Chapter 9. Guns, Kinship, and Fear: Maoists among the Tamu-mai (Gurungs) Judith Pettigrew Chapter 10. The Kham Magar Country: Between Ethnic Claims and Maoism Anne de Sales Person Index General Index