Resisting Genocide: The Multiple Forms of Rescue (UK ed.)

Resisting Genocide: The Multiple Forms of Rescue (UK ed.)

By: Jacques Semelin (editor), Claire Andrieu (editor), Sarah Gensbur (editor)Hardback

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Description

Every genocide in history has been notable for the minority of brave individuals and groups who put their own lives at risk to rescue its would be victims. Based on three case studies - the genocides of the Armenians, the Jews and the Rwandese Tutsi - this book is the first international comparative and multidisciplinary attempt to make rescue an object of research, while breaking free of the notion of 'The Righteous Among the Nations'. The result is an exceptionally rich and disturbing volume. While it is impossible to distill or describe what makes an individual into a rescuer, acts of rescue reveal a historical fact: the existence of an informal, underground network of rescuers - however fragile - as soon as genocides get underway, and in every geographical and social context.

About Author

Jacques Semelin is Professor of Political Science and Modern history and Senior Researcher at CERI Sciences Po-CNRS, Paris. He holds a PhD in contemporary history from the Sorbonne (1986) and a post-graduate degree in psychopathology from Universite Paris V. A former post-doctoral fellow at Harvard University, Center for International Affairs (1986-1988), he is the founder and scientific director of the international Online Encyclopaedia of Mass Violence. Semelin is member of the editorial boards of the European Review of History, the Journal of Genocide Research and Vingtieme siecle. Member of the International Genocide Scholars Association (IGSA) and of the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INOGS). His publications include Purify and Destroy. The Political Uses of Massacre and Genocide (Columbia University Press, 2007); "Taking Mann seriously?", Political Studies Review,4,(3), September 2006; "What is genocide?" in European Review of History, 12(1), March 2005. Claire Andrieu is professor of contemporary history at Sciences Po, Paris. She co-edited the Dictionnaire De Gaulle with Philippe Braud and Guillaume Piketty (Robert Laffont, 2006) and contributed to the Dictionnaire historique de la Resistance edited by Francois Marcot (Robert Laffont, 2006). Her books about the French Resistance deal with its political project (Le programme commun de la Resistance, Editions de l'Erudit, 1984; and a co-edition: Les nationalisations de la Liberation, Presses de Sciences Po, 1987). As a former member of the Fact-Finding Mission on the Spoliation of Jews in France, she published several books on spoliations and restitutions. Her current research is on the behaviour of European civil population toward fugitives in World War II. Sarah Gensburger obtained a PhD in sociology from EHESS, on the expression of souvenirs through the title of RighteousA". Her publications include De Jerusalem a Kigali. L'emergence de la categorie de JusteA" coomme paradigme memorielA" in Caroline Hahnel-Mesbard et al. (eds.), Cultures et memoire. Representation contemporaines de la memoire dans les espaces memoriels, les arts du visuel, la literature et le theatre (Edition de l'ecole polytechnique, 2008); with Agnizeszka Niewiedzial, Figure du Juste et politique publique de la memoire en Pologne: entre relations diplomatiques et structures socialsA", Critiques Internationale 1, 2007, and Les figures du 'Juste' et du resistant et l'evolution de la memoire historique francaise de l'OccupationA", Revue francaise de sciences politiques, 52 (2-3), 2002.

Contents

PART ONE Between History and Memory: Rescue As a Notion Chapter 1 From the Memory of Rescue to the Institution of the Title of Righteous among the Nations Sarah Gensburger Chapter 2 In Search of the Righteous People: The case of the Armenian Massacres of 1915 Fatma Muge Gocek Chapter 3 A comparative approach to assistance given to the Jews and to allied soldiers and airmen in France Claire Andrieu Chapter 4 Researching the Survival and Rescue of Jews in Nazi Occupied Europe: A Plea for the Use of Quantitative Methods Marnix Croes Chapter 5 Anti-Semitism and Rescue of the Jews in France: An Odd Couple? Renee Poznanski Chapter 6 Who Dared to Rescue Jews & WhyA" Nechama Tec Chapter 7 Rescue and Self-Interest. Protecting Property to Save People? Florent Le Bot Chapter 8 Italian Jews and the Memory of Rescue (1944-1961) Paola Bertilotti Chapter 9 Rescuers and killer-rescuers during the Rwanda genocide: Rethinking standard categories of analysis Lee Ann Fujii PART TWO The State, Its Borders and the Conditions for Aid Chapter 10 Rescue Practices during the Armenian Genocide Hasmik Tevosyan Chapter 11 The Opposition of ottoman civil servants to the genocide of the Armenians. Comparison approach of Turkish towns Raymond Kevorkian Chapter 12 Conversion and rescue: survival strategies in the Armenian genocide Ugur A mit A ngor Chapter 13 Humanitarianism and Massacres. The example of the International Committee of the Red Cross Irene Herrmann and Daniel Palmieri Chapter 14 The Swiss faced with the Nazi genocide: active refusal, passive help. Ruth Fivaz-Silbermann Chapter 15The OSE and the Rescue of Jewish Children, from the Postwar to the Prewar Period Katy Hazan and Georges Weill Chapter 16 The Context of Rescue in Nazi-Occupied Western Europe Bob Moore Chapter 17 The Brunner AktionA"; a struggle against rescue. (September 1943 to March 1944) Tal Bruttmann Chapter 18 Guide and MotivatorA" or Central TreasuryA"? The Role of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee in France, 1942-1944 Laura Hobson Faure Chapter 19 The BBC Hungarian Service In World War Two and the Rescue of the Jews of Hungary, 1940-1945 Frank Chalk Chapter 20 From RescueA" to Violence: Overcoming Local Opposition to Genocide in Rwanda Scott Straus Chapter 21 Crossing the Frontier as a Way of Escape: Examples taken from the Gishamvu and Kigembe Communities of Rwanda Charles Mulinda Kabwete PART THREE Networks, Minorities and Rescue Chapter 22 Swiss missionary Beatrice Rohner's work in the death camps of Armenians in 1916 Hans-Lukas Kieser Chapter 23 The Impossible Rescue of the Armenians of Mardin. The Sinjar Safe Haven Yves Ternon Chapter 24 Was the UGIF an obstacle to the rescue of the Jews? Michel Laffitte Chapter 25 Roundups, Rescue and Social Networks in Paris (1940-1944) Camille Menager Chapter 26 Protestant minorities, Judeo-Protestant affinities and rescue of the Jews in the 1940s Patrick Cabanel Chapter 27 Nieuwlande, Land of Rescue (1941/1942 - 1945) Michel Fabreguet Chapter 28 Surviving Undetected: The BundA", rescue and memory in Germany Marc Roseman Chapter 29 Social cohesion and State of exception: the Muslims of Mabare during the genocide in Rwanda (April 1994) Emmanuel Viret Conclusion. Rescue, A Notion Revisited Claire Andrieu Bibliography Index of names Index of places

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781849040594
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 456
  • ID: 9781849040594
  • ISBN10: 1849040591
  • edition: UK ed.

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