After the accession of ten new member-states in 2004, the number of official EU languages increased from eleven to twenty. In 2005, the Council of the European Union decided to expand the existing legal framework for Irish and for other languages, such as Basque, Catalan and Galician, which are official in all or part of the territory of a given member-state. On 1 January 2007 Bulgaria and Romania joined the EU, increasing the number of official EU languages still further. This book addresses the challenge of respecting linguistic diversity within the EU and is intended as an introduction to the issue for those not already familiar with EU law. It also provides an analysis of the potential of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to enhance respect for linguistic diversity. Each chapter has been written by a recognised expert in the field. The appendices bring together the basic legal norms relating to linguistic diversity within EU institutions.
1. Preface (by Arzoz, Xabier); 2. Introduction: Respecting linguistic diversity in the European Union (by Arzoz, Xabier); 3. Part 1. Factual and theoretical approaches; 4. Linguistic diversity as curse and as by-product (by Parijs, Philippe Van); 5. Linguistic diversity in the European Union: An overview (by Juaristi, Patxi); 6. Principles of policy evaluation and their application to multilingualism in the European Union (by Grin, Francois); 7. A one-dimensional diversity? European integration and the challenge of language policy (by Kraus, Peter A.); 8. Part 2. Protection of linguistic diversity in EU law; 9. Union citizenship and language rights (by Hilpold, Peter); 10. EC law and minority language policy: Some recent developments (by Shuibhne, Niamh Nic); 11. The protection of linguistic diversity through Article 22 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights (by Arzoz, Xabier); 12. The protection of linguistic diversity through provisions of the EU Charter other than Article 22 (by Witte, Bruno de); 13. Languages that are official in part of the territory of the Member States: Second-class languages or institutional recognition in EU law? (by Milian-Massana, Antoni); 14. Appendix; 15. Contributors; 16. Index