From earthquakes to the Persian Gulf War to mass murder in a small Texas town, communities are often ill-prepared to deal with the lingering consequences of disasters.
This volume serves as a guide to organizing mental health services when disaster strikes a community. Through firsthand accounts of real-life disasters, experts in disaster response work illustrate how to evaluate disaster impact, organize a clinical response, and train mental health professionals to deal with these unique situations.
Evaluating and Planning a Clinical Response to a Community Disaster. Conceptual framework for evaluating disaster impact: implications for clinical intervention. Nature and treatment of acute stress reactions. Organizing a disaster response program in one's home community. Training mental health professionals to work with families in diverse cultural contexts. Large-group preventive treatment techniques for use after disaster. Clinical response to traumatized children. Interacting with the media after trauma in the community. Case Studies in Community Disaster Response. The 1989 San Francisco Bay Area earthquake. The Armenian earthquake. Forming the libidinal cocoon: the Dallas airplane crashes, the Guadalupe river drownings, and Hurricane Hugo in the Virgin Islands. Function of mobile crisis intervention teams after Hurricane Hugo. Management of a psychiatric inpatient service during and after Hurricane Hugo. Tornado in eastern North Carolina: outreach to school and community. Research findings after a nuclear accident: Three Mile Island.