The rangelands of China and Mongolia encompass diverse landscapes of global environmental and cultural significance. Pastoralists in these two nations share much common history and tradition, including their nomadic heritage and twin eras of collectivized production under different centrally planned socialist regimes. This unique collection of case studies describes the change, loss, re-emergence and resilience of seven herder communities located in distinct socio-ecological settings ranging from the Gobi desert of Mongolia to the Tibetan Plateau regions of China's Sichuan and Gansu Provinces. Useful for policy makers within international development and conservation policy, this book is also of interest for researchers and students of rural economics and agriculture.
Maria E. Fernandez-Gimenez is at Colorado State University. Xiaoyi Wang is at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, PRC. Batkhishig Baival is at Colorado State University. Julia A. Klein is at Colorado State University. Robin Reid is at Colorado State University.
Part I: Setting the Stage 1: A Framework for Building Resilient Social-Ecological Pastoral Systems 2: Situational Geography, Case Studies, and Cross Cultural Collaborative Studies 3: The Eurasian Steppe: History of Utilization and Policies on the Rangeland Part II: Case Studies 4: Adaptation and Innovation Under Re-Centralized Policies: Grassland Management through Democratic Consultation in an Agro-Pastoral Village 5: The New Otor: Risk Management in a Desert Grassland 6: A Case Study of Community-Based Rangeland Management in Jinst Soum, Mongolia 7: Customary Community-Based Rangeland Management: A Case Study of Kazak Nomadism and Rangeland Management in Xinjiang 8: Research on the Management Models in Pastoral Areas in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: A Case Study of Maqu, Gansu Province 9: Lessons from a Territory-based Community Development Approach in Mongolia: Ikhtamir Pasture User Groups 10: Slowing Grassland Degradation through Innovative Herder Community Management: Experiences from Huolonggou Tibetan Village Part III: Synthesis 11: The Market, the State and the Environment: Implications for Community-based Rangeland Management 12: Synthesis: Rangeland and Community Resilience in China and Mongolia