Rethinking Europe's Future is a major reevaluation of Europe's prospects as it enters the twenty-first century. David Calleo has written a book worthy of the complexity and grandeur of the challenges Europe now faces. Summoning the insights of history, political economy, and philosophy, he explains why Europe was for a long time the world's greatest problem and how the Cold War's bipolar partition brought stability of a sort. Without the Cold War, Europe risks revisiting its more traditional history. With so many contingent factors--in particular Russia and Europe's Muslim neighbors--no one, Calleo believes, can pretend to predict the future with assurance. Calleo's book ponders how to think about this future. The book begins by considering the rival "lessons" and trends that emerge from Europe's deeper past. It goes on to discuss the theories for managing the traditional state system, the transition from autocratic states to communitarian nation states, the enduring strength of nation states, and their uneasy relationship with capitalism. Calleo next focuses on the Cold War's dynamic legacies for Europe--an Atlantic Alliance, a European Union, and a global economy.
These three systems now compete to define the future. The book's third and major section examines how Europe has tried to meet the present challenges of Russian weakness and German reunification. Succeeding chapters focus on Maastricht and the Euro, on the impact of globalization on Europeanization, and on the EU's unfinished business--expanding into "Pan Europe," adapting a hybrid constitution, and creating a new security system. Calleo presents three models of a new Europe--each proposing a different relationship with the U.S. and Russia. A final chapter probes how a strong European Union might affect the world and the prospects for American hegemony. This is a beautifully written book that offers rich insight into a critical moment in our history, whose outcome will shape the world long after our time.
David P. Calleo is Dean Acheson Professor and Director of European Studies at the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at The Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of many books and articles, including "The Bankrupting of America: How the Federal Deficit Is Impoverishing the Nation, Beyond American Hegemony: The Future of the Western Alliance, and The German Problem Reconsidered: Germany in the World System, 1870 to the Present".
Acknowledgments ix Foreword xi Chapter One: Old Europe and New Europe 1 Part One Europe's Living History Chapter Two: Competing Lessons of World War I 17 Chapter Three: Europe's States and State System 33 Chapter Four: From States to Nation States 48 Chapter Five: The Nation State and Capitalism 67 Part Two Legacies of the Cold War Chapter Six: The Three Postwar Systems: An Overview 87 Chapter Seven: Bipolar Europe 111 Chapter Eight: Confederal Europe: From Rome to Maastricht 135 Chapter Nine: Europe in the Global Economy 154 Chapter Ten: Cold War Lessons, Old and New 176 Part Three The New Europe Chapter Eleven: Europe after the Soviet Shock: Maastricht and the EMU 185 Chapter Twelve: Globalism and the Case for a European Bloc 207 Chapter Thirteen: Unfinished Business I: Constitutional Projects 250 Chapter Fourteen: Unfinished Business II: Security after the Cold War 299 Chapter Fifteen: Unfinished Business III: Organizing Pan-Europe 337 Chapter Sixteen: Europe in the New World Order 354 Index 375