Rethinking Expectations: The Way Forward for Macroeconomics

Rethinking Expectations: The Way Forward for Macroeconomics

By: Edmund S. Phelps (editor), Roman Frydman (editor)Hardback

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Description

This book originated from a 2010 conference marking the fortieth anniversary of the publication of the landmark "Phelps volume," Microeconomic Foundations of Employment and Inflation Theory, a book that is often credited with pioneering the currently dominant approach to macroeconomic analysis. However, in their provocative introductory essay, Roman Frydman and Edmund Phelps argue that the vast majority of macroeconomic and finance models developed over the last four decades derailed, rather than built on, the Phelps volume's "microfoundations" approach. Whereas the contributors to the 1970 volume recognized the fundamental importance of according market participants' expectations an autonomous role, contemporary models rely on the rational expectations hypothesis (REH), which rules out such a role by design. The financial crisis that began in 2007, preceded by a spectacular boom and bust in asset prices that REH models implied could never happen, has spurred a quest for fresh approaches to macroeconomic analysis. While the alternatives to REH presented in Rethinking Expectations differ from the approach taken in the original Phelps volume, they are notable for returning to its major theme: understanding aggregate outcomes requires according expectations an autonomous role. In the introductory essay, Frydman and Phelps interpret the various efforts to reconstruct the field--some of which promise to chart its direction for decades to come. The contributors include Philippe Aghion, Sheila Dow, George W. Evans, Roger E. A. Farmer, Roman Frydman, Michael D. Goldberg, Roger Guesnerie, Seppo Honkapohja, Katarina Juselius, Enisse Kharroubi, Blake LeBaron, Edmund S. Phelps, John B. Taylor, Michael Woodford, and Gylfi Zoega.

About Author

Roman Frydman is professor of economics at New York University and the coauthor (with Michael D. Goldberg) of Beyond Mechanical Markets and Imperfect Knowledge Economics. Edmund S. Phelps, the winner of the 2006 Nobel Prize in Economics, is director of Columbia University's Center on Capitalism and Society. His many books include Structural Slumps and Seven Schools of Macroeconomic Thought.

Contents

Which Way Forward for Macroeconomics and Policy Analysis? 1 Roman Frydman and Edmund S. Phelps PART ONE Back to the Foundations 1Expectational Coordination Failures and Market Volatility 49 Roger Guesnerie 2Learning as a Rational Foundation for Macroeconomics and Finance 68 George W. Evans and Seppo Honkapohja 3Keynes on Knowledge, Expectations, and Rationality 112 Sheila Dow 4The Imperfect Knowledge Imperative in Modern Macroeconomics and Finance Theory 130 Roman Frydman and Michael D. Goldberg PART TWO Autonomous Expectations in Long Swings in Asset Prices 5Heterogeneous Gain Learning and Long Swings in Asset Prices 169 Blake LeBaron 6Opening Models of Asset Prices and Risk to Nonroutine Change 207 Roman Frydman and Michael D. Goldberg PART THREE Rethinking Unemployment-Inflation Trade-offs and the Natural Rate Theory 7Animal Spirits, Persistent Unemployment, and the Belief Function 251 Roger E. A. Farmer 8Indeterminacies in Wage and Asset Price Expectations 277 Edmund S. Phelps 9The Long Swings of Employment, Investment, and Asset Prices 301 Gylfi Zoega 10Imperfect Knowledge, Asset Price Swings, and Structural Slumps 328 Katarina Juselius 11Stabilization Policies and Economic Growth 351 Philippe Aghion and Enisse Kharroubi PART FOURPolicymaking after "Rational Expectations" 12Swings and the Rules-Discretion Balance 373 John B. Taylor 13Principled Policymaking in an Uncertain World 389 Michael Woodford Contributors 415 Index 421

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780691155234
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 440
  • ID: 9780691155234
  • weight: 482
  • ISBN10: 0691155232
  • translations: English
  • language of text: English

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