In the first two decades after W.W.II, social scientist heralded Turkey as an exemplar of a 'modernizing' nation in the Western mold. Images of unveiled women working next to clean-shaven men, healthy children in school uniforms, and downtown Ankara's modern architecture all proclaimed the country's success. Although Turkey's modernization began in the late Ottoman era, the establishment of the secular nation-state by Kemal Ataturk in 1923 marked the crystallization of an explicit, elite-driven 'project of modernity' that took its inspiration exclusively from the West. The essays in this book are the first attempt to examine the Turkish experiment with modernity from a broad, interdisciplinary perspective, encompassing the fields of history, the social sciences, the humanities, architecture, and urban planning. As they examine both the Turkish project of modernity and its critics, the contributors offer a fresh, balanced understanding of dilemmas now facing not only Turkey but also many other parts of the Middle East and the world at large.
List of IllustrationsAcknowledgments Introduction, Sibel Bozdogan and Resat Kasaba Kemalist Certainties and Modern Ambiguities, Resat Kasaba Whither the Project of Modernity? Turkey in the 1990s, Caglar Keyder Modernization Policies and Islamist Politics in Turkey, Haldun Gulalp Projects as Methodology: Some Thoughts on Modern Turkish Social Science, Serif Mardin The Quest for the Islamic Self within the Context of Modernity, Nilufer Gole The Project of Modernity and Women in Turkey, Yesim Arat Gendering the Modern: On Missing Dimensions in the Study of Turkish Modernity, Deniz Kandiyoti The Predicament of Modernism in Turkish Architectural Culture: An Overview, Sibel BozdoganOnce There Was, Once There wasn't: National Monuments and Interpersonal Exchange, Michael E. Meeker Silent Interruptions: Urban Encounters with Rural Turkey, Gulsum Baydar Nalbantoglu Arabesk Culture: A Case of Modernization and Popular Identity, Ernest Gellner The Turkish Option in Comparative Perspective, Roger Owen Modernizing Projects in Middle Eastern Perspective, Joel S. Migdal Finding the Meeting Ground of Fact and Fiction: Some Reflections on Turkish Modernization, Joel S. Migdal List of ContributorsIndex