Globalisation and social transformation theorists have paid significantly less attention to the movement of people than they have to the movement of capital. This book redresses the balance and provides timely insights into recent developments in return skilled migration in four regions in the Asia Pacific - Bangladesh, China, Taiwan and Vietnam. The authors believe that the movement of skilled migrants, and the tacit knowledge they bring with them, is a vital component in the process of globalisation.
The authors examine the patterns and processes of return migration and the impacts it can have on migrants, their families and communities (including gender relations), as well as the effects on both the original source country and the host country. They highlight the many considerations which can influence the decision to return home, including social factors, career-related prospects, and the economic and political environment. Government policies in facilitating return migration through the promotion of entrepreneurship, education and training can also play a crucial role. In the long term, fears of a `brain drain', under certain circumstances, may be replaced by the prospect of a `brain gain' or `global brain circulation', where emigration and immigration (or return migration) co-exist and are supplemented by short-term circulatory movements as a country becomes more integrated into the global economy.
This is a pioneering comparative study of return migration in the Asia Pacific based on original primary data. Researchers, academics and students interested in migration, globalisation, demography and social transformation will find this a valuable and highly rewarding book.
Edited by Robyn Iredale, Australian Centre for Population Research Demography and Sociology Program, Australian National University, Fei Guo, Lecturer, Demography Program, Department of Business, Macquarie University, Australia and Santi Rozario, Cardiff University, UK
Contents: Preface 1. Introduction 2. The View from Australia 3. Bangladesh: Return Migration and Social Transformation 4. China: Government Policies and Emerging Trends of Reversal of the Brain Drain 5. Taiwan: Significance, Characteristics and Policies on Return Skilled Migration 6. Vietnam: Emergence of Return Skilled Migration 7. Socioeconomic Impacts of Return Migration: Developing a Comparative Framework 8. Conclusion References Appendices Index