Particle accelerators are a major invention of the 20th century. In the last eight decades,they have evolved enormously and have fundamentally changed the way we live, think and work.Accelerators are the most powerful microscopes for viewing the tiniest inner structure of cells, genes, molecules, atoms and their constituents such as protons, neutrons, electrons, neutrinos and quarks. This opens up a whole new world for materials science, chemistry and molecular biology. Accelerators with megawatt beam power may ultimately solve a critical problem faced by our society, namely, the treatment of nuclear waste and the supply of an alternative type of energy.There are also tens of thousands of small accelerators all over the world. They are used every day for medical imaging, cancer therapy, radioisotope production, high-density chip-making, mass spectrometry, cargo x-ray/gamma-ray imaging, detection of explosives and illicit drugs, and weapons. This volume provides a comprehensive review of this driving and fascinating field.The poster (also available in 1118 x 406 mm size) which illustrates the history and development of particle accelerators from 1919 to the future can be purchased separately.
Milestones in the Evolution of Accelerators (E Courant); Electron Linacs for High-Energy Physics (P Wilson); The Development of High Power Hadron Accelerators (G Rees); Cyclotrons and Fixed-Field Alternating-Gradient Accelerators (M Craddock & K Symon); Particle Colliders for High-Energy Physics (D Edwards & H Edwards); Synchrotron Radiation (A Hofmann); Medical Applications of Accelerators (H Eickhoff & U Linz); Industrial Accelerators (R Hamm); The Development of Superconducting Magnets for Use in Particle Accelerators: From the Tevatron to the LHC (A Tollestrup & E Todesco); Development of Superconducting RF Technology (T Furuya); Cooling Methods for the Charged Particle Beams (A Skrinsky & V Parkhomchuk); The Supercollider - the Pre-Texas Days: A Personal Recollection of Its Birth and Berkeley Years (S Wojcicki); Accelerators and the Accelerator Community (A Sessler & E Malamud); Book Review: "Panofsky on Physics, Politics, and Peace: Pief Remembers" (G Loew); A Brief History of Particle Accelerators (Color Poster).