Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology - Volume 4: Accelerator Applications In Industry And The Environment

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology - Volume 4: Accelerator Applications In Industry And The Environment

By: Weiren Chou (editor), Alexander Wu Chao (editor)Hardback

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Description

Since their debut in the late 1920s, particle accelerators have evolved into a backbone for the development of science and technology in modern society. Of about 30,000 accelerators at work in the world today, a majority is for applications in industry (about 20,000 systems worldwide).There are two major categories of industrial applications: materials processing and treatment, and materials analysis. Materials processing and treatment includes ion implantation (semi-conductor materials, metals, ceramics, etc.) and electron beam irradiation (sterilization of medical devices, food pasteurization, treatment of carcasses and tires, cross-linking of polymers, cutting and welding, curing of composites, etc.). Materials analysis covers ion beam analysis (IBA), non-destructive detection using photons and neutrons, as well as accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). All the products that are processed, treated and inspected using beams from particle accelerators are estimated to have a collective value of US$500 billion per annum worldwide. Accelerators are also applied for environment protection, such as purifying drinking water, treating waste water, disinfecting sewage sludge and removing pollutants from flue gases.Industrial accelerators continue to evolve, in terms of new applications, qualities and capabilities, and reduction of their costs. Breakthroughs are encountered whenever a new product is made, or an existing product becomes more cost effective. Their impact on our society continues to grow with the potential to address key issues in economics or the society of today.This volume contains fourteen articles, all authored by renowned scientists in their respective fields.

Contents

Trends for Electron Beam Accelerator Applications in Industry (Sueo Machi); Ion Implantation for Semiconductor Doping and Materials Modification (Lawrence A Larson, Justin M Williams and Michael I Current); Ion Beam Analysis: A Century of Exploiting the Electronic and Nuclear Structure of the Atom for Materials Characterisation (Chris Jeynes, Roger P Webb and Annika Lohstroh); Neutrons and Photons in Non-Destructive Detection (J F Harmon, D P Wells and A W Hunt); Review of Cyclotrons for the Production of Radioisotopes for Medical and Industrial Applications (Paul Schmor); Development of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications (Jiaer Chen, Zhiyu Guo, Kexin Liu and Liping Zhou); Electron Accelerators for Environment Protection (Andrzej G Chmielewski); Studying Radiation Damage in Structural Materials Using Ion Accelerators (Peter Hosemann); Direct Current Accelerators for Industrial Applications (Ragnar Hellborg and Harry J Whitlow); Radio-Frequency Electron Accelerators for Industrial Applications (Marshall R Cleland); Accelerators for Neutron Generation and Its Applications (Guenter Mank, Guenter Bauer and Francoise Mulhauser); Future Prospects for Accelerator Technology (Alan Todd); CERN - From Birth to Success (Herwig Schopper); A Modest Genius of Accelerators: Simon van der Meer (1925 - 2011) (Vinod C Chohan).

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9789814383981
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 300
  • ID: 9789814383981
  • ISBN10: 9814383988

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