C. C. Goen's landmark study on the effects of revivalism during the latter half of the 18th century filled a great void in understanding the Great Awakening, and it continues to influence the work of scholars today. Full of artful contextualization of the issues that plagued colonial churches, Revivalism and Separatism in New England, 1740-1800 documents the ways in which revivalism helped pave the way for a new religious identity in America. Goen underscores how these congregations responded to state involvement in matters of religion and sheds new light on the development of the Baptist denomination by locating its growth within fringe communities in New England rather than organized structures in the Middle Colonies.
C. C. Goen was professor of the history of Christianity at Wesley Theological Seminary, Washington, D.C.
CONTENTS 1/ Trading Blood for Oil PART I / A HISTORY OF OIL AND THE USE OF MILITARY POWER TO CONTROL SUPPLIES 2 / American Dominance in Oil 3 / Iran, Iraq, World War I and the Interwar Years 4 / World War II 5 / The Cold War 6 / Three Cartels: The Seven Sisters, the Texas Railroad Commission, and OPEC 7 / Another Middle East War and Embargo, Shortages, and Price Rises 8 / The Carter Doctrine 9 / 1980s: European Dependence on Soviet Energy and the Iran-Iraq War 10 / The US-Iraq Wars 11 / The Oil Market Today PART II / MYTHS ABOUT OIL AND ITS MARKET 12 / Myth 1: No Viable Market Exists for Oil 13 / Myth 2: Big Oil Colludes with OPEC to Stick Consumers With High Prices 14 / Myth 3: Global Oil Production Has Peaked and the World Is Running Out of Oil 15 / Myth 4: Oil Is a Special Product or Even Strategic 16 / Myth 5: A Strategic Petroleum Reserve Is Needed in Case of Emergency 17/ Myth 6: The U.S. Should Become Independent of Oil, Foreign Oil, or Overseas Energy 18 / Myth 7: Oil Price Spikes Cause Economic Catastrophes 19/ Myth 8: U.S. Policy Is to Maintain the Flow of Oil At the Lowest Possible Price 20 / Myth 9: Possession of Oil Means Economic and Political Power 21 / Myth 10: The United States Must Defend Autocratic Saudi Arabia because of Oil 22 / Myth 11: Dependence of Europe on Russian Energy Is a Threat to U.S. Security PART III / NO NEED TO USE MILITARY POWER TO SAFEGUARD FOREIGN OIL 23 / Safeguarding Oil with Military Power Is Mercantilism and Imperialism 24 / Threats To or From Oil PART IV / Policy Prescriptions Notes Index About the Author