The events in eastern Europe in 1989 were largely unexpected. The extent of the transformation of the socities subject to the cataclysmic events of that year are still far from clear. The papers in this volume present an analysis of revolution and counter-revolution in a variety of settings. It is hoped that some of the arguments set out here may help academics and politicians come to a just evaluation of events of this nature in our own time.
Introduction, E.E. Rice; changing forms of revolution, Charles Tilley; revolution in the English Atlantic empire, 1660-1800, J.C.D. Clark; revolution and counter-revolution in France, William Doyle; 1933 - a failed counter-revolution, Richard Bessel; revolution in the Third World - 1945 and after, Fred Halliday; revolution and counter-revolution in modern Italian history, Denis Mack Smith; Perestroika - advance or retreat of a revolution?, Wlodzimierz Brus; the Third World and the idea of revolution, Elie Kedourie.