What can the great crises of the past teach us about contemporary revolutions? Jack Goldstone shows the important role of population changes, youth bulges, urbanization, elite divisions, and fiscal crises in creating major political crises. Goldstone shows how state breakdowns in both western monarchies and Asian empires followed the same patterns, triggered when inflexible political, economic, and social institutions were overwhelmed by cumulative changes in population structure that collided with popular aspirations and state-elite relations. Examining the great revolutions of Europe-the English and French Revolutions-and the great rebellions of Asia, which shattered dynasties in Ottoman Turkey, China, and Japan, he shows how long cycles of revolutionary crises and stability similarly shaped politics in Europe and Asia, but led to different outcomes.
In this 25th anniversary edition, Goldstone reflects on the history of revolutions in the last twenty-five years, from the Philippines and other color revolutions to the Arab Uprisings and the rise of the Islamic State. In a new introduction, he re-examines his pioneering look at the role of population changes-such as rising youth cohorts, urbanization, shifting elite mobility--as continuing causal factors of revolutions and rebellions. The new concluding chapter updates his major theory and looks to the future of revolutions in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa.
Jack A. Goldstone is Virginia E. and John T. Hazel, Jr. Professor of Public Policy and Eminent Scholar at the Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University. He has previously taught at Northwestern University, the University of California, and the California Institute of Technology.
List of Illustrations List of Tables Chronologies Preface (New) Introduction (New) 1. The Central Problem: How to Explain the Periodic Waves of State Breakdown in the Early Modern World 2. State Breakdown in Early Modern Europe: The English Revolution 3. State Breakdown in Early Modern Europe: The French Revolution 4. State Breakdown in Early Modern Asia: The Ottoman Crisis and the Ming-Qing Transition 5. Ideology, Cultural Frameworks, Revolutionary Struggles, and State Reconstruction 6. From Past to Present (New) Appendix Bibliography Index