The study of argumentation has primarily focused on logical and dialectical approaches, with minimal attention given to the rhetorical facets of argument. Rhetorical Argumentation: Principles of Theory and Practice approaches argumentation from a rhetorical point of view and demonstrates how logical and dialectical considerations depend on the rhetorical features of the argumentative situation. Throughout this text, author Christopher W. Tindale identifies how argumentation as a communicative practice can best be understood by its rhetorical features. Rhetorical Argumentation uniquely presents argumentation through the idea of an invitational rhetoric by encouraging readers to think about the ways in which they encounter arguments. The book explores the processes involved in the argumentative exchanges between arguers and audiences-thus, emphasizing the collaborative nature of the arguer-audience relationship in the argumentative situation. That is, argument is presented not as a set of ideas imposed upon a passive audience, but rather as a dynamic exchange wherein the audience is involved in self-persuasion.Key Features: Explores the ancient foundations of rhetoric, from Aristotle to the relatively contemporary works of Perelman and Olbrechts-Tytecta, Toulmin, and Bakhtin Includes numerous examples illustrating the ways in which the reasoning within arguments involves the audience from premise through to conclusion Presents the idea of "dialogism" drawn from the theories of Mikhail Bakhtin to create a more dynamic and interactive sense of the argumentative context Examines current theory as well as the historical relationship between argument and rhetoric Provides detailed discussions of topics such as nature of the dialogical, rhetorical context, audiences, and standards of appraisal.
Rhetorical Argumentation is designed to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a clear understanding of the rhetorical view of argumentation and how it can be effective in contemporary society. The book is an ideal text for courses in Communication, Rhetoric, Argumentation, Informal Logic, Critical Thinking, and Conflict Resolution.
Christopher Tindale (Ph.D. & M.A., University of Waterloo; B.A., Wilfrid Laurier University) teaches and conducts research in the areas of argumentation theory, ethics, and ancient philosophy. Since 2000, he's been an editor of the journal Informal Logic: Reasoning and Argumentation in Theory and Practice, and he presently sits on the editorial board of Controversia. He is the author of Acts of Arguing: A Rhetorical Model of Argument (SUNY Press, 1999), co-author of Good Reasoning Matters, Third Edition (Oxford University Press, 2004), and co-editor of Argumentation and Its Applications (forthcoming CD-Rom) and two other CD-ROMs, Argumentation at the Century's Turn and Argumentation and Rhetoric. Recent work of his has appeared in the following journals: Argumentation; Informal Logic; ProtoSociology; Social Theory and Practice. In addition to teaching at Trent University, in 2001-2002 he was a research fellow at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research), Bielefeld, Germany.
1. Introduction: A Rhetorical Turn for Argumentation Alice's Predicament Models of Argument Beyond the Logical Beyond the Dialectical Rhetoric and Rhetorical Argumentation The Path Ahead 2. Argument as Rhetorical... Introduction: Rhetoric's Origin Argument's Origin Rhetoric and Argument in Fifth- and Fourth- Century Greece Sophistic Argument Sophistic Argument and the Notion of 'Fallacy' Rhetoric as Invitational 3. ...And Rhetoric as Argument Introduction: Rhetorical Figures and Arguments Reboul on Figures and Arguments Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca Fahnestock's Figural Logic Figures as Arguments Conclusion 4. Rhetorical Contexts and the Dialogical Introduction: Dialogue and Dialogues Bakhtin's Terminology Dialogic Argument Reflections on a Bakhtinian Model Examples Conclusion 5. Martians, Philosophers, and Reasonable People: The Construction of Objective Standards Introduction How Martians Reason The Martian Standard and the Problems of Evaluation Bakhtin's Superaddressee Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca's Universal Audience Conclusion 6. Developing the Universal Audience Introduction: Why the Universal Audience Fails Reading the Universal Audience: Two Views Reappraising the Universal Audience Applying the Idea of a Universal Audience 7. The Truth about Orangutans: Conflicting Criteria of Premise Adequacy Introduction: Deep Disagreements Between Logic and Rhetoric Hamblin's Orangutans The Rhetoric of Philosophy: Metaphors as Argument Acceptability Conclusion 8. Rhetorical Conclusions From Protagoras to Bakhtin The Rhetorical Audience Goals of Rhetorical Argumentation Conclusions Without Conclusiveness
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