This book offers a comprehensive summary and case studies of major of rights-based approach to development. It is arranged in a point/counterpoint format. The associations between human rights and the work of development activists didn't receive widespread attention from international development agencies until the mid to late 1990s. The most visible sign that attitudes were changing occurred when the UN held its World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen in 1995. From that point on, rights became a stated objective of most agencies, regardless of the level of effort they actually spent in incorporating these ideas into their activities. Now, over a decade after that crucial turning point; ""Rights-Based Approaches to Development"" reflects on the effect of the development community's major shift in focus from market-based frameworks to a rights-based one. Contributors, both academics and practitioners, reflect on their experience with rights-based development activities. They draw out the current debates, theoretical and practical concerns and achievements, and larger implications about poverty and the relationship between citizens and the state. With powerful insights into where the development community has been and where it needs to go, ""Rights-Based Approaches to Development"" is critical to understanding the role of social justice in the context of development.
Part 1) The rise of rights-based approaches to development; 1) Introduction - Diana Mitlin and Sam Hickey; 2) Linking rights and development: Some critical challenges - Robert Archer; 3) The rights of the rich versus the rights of the poor - John Gledhill; Part II) Rights, governmentality and citizenship; 4) Exploring a political approach to rights-based development in North West Cameroon: From rights and marginality to citizenship and justice- Jeidoh Duni, Robert Fon, Sam Hickey and Nuhu Salihu; 5) Recognition or misrecognition?: Pitfalls of indigenous peoples' free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)- Katsuhiko Masaki; Part III: Do rights-based approaches offer a pro-poor route to development?; 6) Property rights and rights-based sustainable livelihoods- Leonith Hinojosa-Valencia; 7) Re-interpreting the rights-based approach - a grassroots perspective on rights and development- Sheela Patel and Diana Mitlin; Part IV: From voluntarism to empowerment?; 8) Rethinking agency, rights and natural resource management- Frances Cleaver; 9) 'We are also human': Identity and power in gender relations - Michael Drinkwater; Part V: The operational implications of rights-based approaches; 10) Rights-based development: The challenge of change and power for development NGOs - Jennifer Chapman in collaboration with Valerie Miller, Adriano Campolina Soares and John Samuel; 11) The 'human rights-based approach to programming': A contradiction in terms? - Lauchlan T. Munro; Part VI) Conclusions and ways forward; 12) The potential and pitfalls of rights-based approaches to development - Sam Hickey and Diana Mitlin.