"In the remoteness of their mountain retreat, the herders of Chillihuani, Peru, recognize that respect for others is the central and most significant element of all thought and action," observes Inge Bolin. "Without respect, no society, no civilization, can flourish for long. Without respect, humanity is doomed and so is the earth, sustainer of all life."
In this beautifully written ethnography, Bolin describes the rituals of respect that maintain harmonious relations among people, the natural world, and the realm of the gods in an isolated Andean community of llama and alpaca herders that reaches up to 16,500 feet. Bolin was the first foreigner to visit Chillihuani, and she was permitted to participate in private family rituals, as well as public ceremonies. In turn, she allows the villagers to explain the meaning of their rituals in their own words.
From these first-hand experiences, Bolin offers an intimate portrait of an annual ritual cycle that dates back to Inca and pre-Inca times, including the ancient Pukllay; weddings; the Fiesta de Santiago, with its horse races on the top of the world; and Peru's Independence Day, when the Rituals of Respect for elders and young people alike are carried out within male and female hierarchies reminiscent of Inca times.
Inge Bolin is a Research Associate in Anthropology at Malaspina University College in British Columbia, Canada.
Introduction Fieldwork Central Ideas of the Book 1. Ascent to the Realm of the Apus Walking an Ancient Trail The Cave of the Ancestors Chillihuani at Last 2. Suyay Ch'isin-a Night of Secret Rituals Now We Will Begin! Ruphasqa Haywa-an Offering to Burn 3. Thunder God and Sacrifice Illapa, a Tripartite God The Thunder God's Dual Forces Qhaqya, Shamans, and Metaphor Arpay-a Sacrifice to the Gods Llamas and Alpacas between the Earth and the Sky 4. Fertility Rites in the Muyukancha Uywa T'ikarishian-a Flourishing Herd The Quest for Survival 5. Pukllay Martes-the Incas Invite Ancient Tunes on Capillapampa Taki Tusuy-Song and Dance Yawar Mayu-Why Must the Blood Flow? 6. Survival Today and a Look into the Past Tinkuy-Confirming the Rules of Life Opposition or Solidarity? What Lies behind the Yawar Mayu? 7. Munanakuy-Falling in Love The Dance of Love at Tusuna Q'asa Pata Suwanakuy-a Nostalgic Tale 8. Rimanakuy-a Wedding Andean Style Names and Kinship Rules The Sharing of Tasks Balance, Harmony, and Equality-Now and in the Past 9. Casarakuy Symbolic Configurations and Ritual Transformation Taking an Eternal Oath A Pilgrimage of Joy and Peril Hospitality on the Roof of the World Secret Rituals in the Qolqa Arpay and Surun Pakay-Sacrifice and Burial of the Enqaychu The Third Day-a Closer Look at the Blackfaces Yana Uyakuna and Ukukus-Andean Cosmology Comes to Life 10. La Fiesta de Santiago The Day of the Horse-an Offering to the Thunder God 11. Qespisqa P'unchay-Independence Day in Tawantinsuyu Celebrating Ancient Ways on July 28 A Timeless Balance-Gender Complementarity Now and in thePast The Pre-Columbian Cross Comes Alive on Qespisqa P'unchay 12. Metaphors or Reality-Visions from the Past About the Origins of Chillihuani Hunger, Death, and Resurrection Llaqtayoq Mach'aqway-Village of the Great Snake 13. Waqraqocha Ascent to the Eyes of the Mountain 14. Tragedy and Triumph-Chillihuani Will Call Forever