In February 2003, the London Congestion Charging Scheme was introduced and in 2006 a similar policy was introduced in Stockholm. In both cases automobile traffic entering the cordon declined by about 20 percent. This book evaluates these and other similar programs exploring their implications for the United States.
While there is increasing interest in road pricing in the US in many individual states, the motivation is often highway financing rather than congestion relief. The contributors argue that the prospects for extensive implementation in the US remain uncertain. Nevertheless, this book illustrates that the European experience suggests political feasibility is much less of a hurdle than was once considered and that congestion pricing would have a significant impact in reducing traffic as it did in Europe.
This study's value lies in the fact that it examines road pricing in the real world and not simply from a theoretical viewpoint. As a comparative study it will appeal to both policymakers and academics in transportation economics and planning, urban economics, planning and economic geography.
Edited by Harry W. Richardson, Honorary Doctorate, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico and Chang-Hee Christine Bae, Associate Professor of Urban Design and Planning, University of Washington, Seattle, US
Contents: Preface 1. Introduction Harry W. Richardson and Chang-Hee Christine Bae PART I: UK APPLICATIONS 2. Profit-Maximising Transit in Combination with a Congestion Charge: An Inter-modal Equilibrium Model Michael G.H. Bell and Muanmas Wichiensin 3. Road Pricing in Britain and its Relevance to the United States: Finding from Two Scenarios of National Road Charging in Great Britain and Some Reflections on Governance Terence Bendixson 4. National Road Pricing in Great Britain: Is it Fair and Practical? Stephen Glaister and Daniel J. Graham 5. Cambridge Futures: Forecating the Effect of Congestion Charging on Land Use and Transport Anthony J. Hargreaves and Marcial Echenique 6. Road User Charging in the UK: The Policy Prospects Martin G. Richards 7. Design Tools for Road Pricing Cordons Anthony D. May, S.P. Shepherd, A. Sumalee and A. Koh PART II: LONDON 8. The London Congestion Charging Scheme, 2003-2006 Georgina Santos 9. The Big Smoke: Congestion Charging and the Environment David Banister 10. The Effects of the London Congestion Charging Scheme on Ambient Air Quality Kenny Ho and David Maddison 11. Transferring London Congestion Charging to US Cities: How Might the Likelihood of Successful Transfer be Increased? Shin Lee PART III: INTERNATIONAL EXAMPLES 12. Inter-Urban Road Goods Vehicle Pricing in Europe Chris Nash, Batool Menaz and Bryan Matthews 13. Worse than a Congestion Charge: Paris Traffic Restraint Policy Remy Prud'homme and Pierre Kopp 14. The European and Asian Experience of Implementing Congestion Charging: Its Applicability to the United States Tom Rye and Stephen Ison 15. The Stockholm Congestion Charging System: A Summary of the Effects Jonas Eliasson, Karin Brundell-Freij and Muriel Beser Hugosson PART IV: THE UNITED STATES 16. The Puget Sound (Seattle) Congestion Pricing Pilot Experiment Chang-Hee Christine Bae and Alon Bassok 17. The US Context for Highway Congestion Pricing Bumsoo Lee and Peter Gordon 18. Expansion of Toll Lanes or More Free Lanes? A Case Study of SR91 in Southern California Harry W. Richardson, Peter Gordon, James E. Moore II, Sungbin Cho and Qisheng Pan 19. The Political Calculus of Congestion Pricing David King, Michael Manville and Donald Shoup Index