This concise, clear and handy-sized volume, aimed at the undergraduate level, provides an introduction to the observation, description and identifi cation in thin section, using the polarizing microscope, of samples of the commonlyoccurring rocks and minerals. Illustrated with a wealth of full colour thin section photomicrographs, and with the original images enhanced by new examples and a revised text, the book explains how to observe mineral and rock samples under the microscope. The book highlights the important diagnostic features of minerals and deals with all rock types - igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic - each with equal emphasis and authority, giving students the knowledge and confi dence to begin to identify specimens for themselves. While intended for students in geology, geography, civil engineering and materials science, the book stands on its own as a beautiful collection of photomicrographs and a permanent source of reference and fascination for all those interested in the nature and science of the world of rocks and minerals.
W.S. MacKenzie was Emeritus Professor of Petrology at the University of Manchester, England. A.E. Adams is retired Senior Lecturer in Geology at the University of Manchester, England. K.H. Brodie is Senior Lecturer in Geology at the University of Manchester, England.
Part 1 Optical mineralogyThe polarizing microscopeDescription of mineralsShape and habit of crystalsColour and pleochroismCleavageReliefBirefringenceExtinction anglesTwinning and zoningUndulose extinction and sub-grain structureAlterationGrain size Part 2 MineralsOlivineOrthopyroxeneClinopyroxeneTwo-pyroxene intergrowthAmphiboleBiotiteMuscoviteChloriteQuartzFeldsparsSanidineMicroclinePlagioclaseNephelineCalciteGarnetOpaque minerals Part 3 Igneous rocksPeridotiteBasaltOlivine basaltBasaltDoleriteOlivine gabbroGabbroAndesiteDioriteGranodioriteRhyoliteMicrograniteGraniteAlkali granitePhonoliteNepheline syeniteLamprophyreIgnimbrite Part 4 Sedimentary rocksTerrigenous clastic rocksCarbonate rocksQuartz areniteFeldspars in sedimentary rocksSub-arkoseArkoseSub-lithareniteLithareniteWacke/GreywackeMicaceous sandstoneCalcareous sandstoneGlauconitic sandstoneMudstoneOoid grainstoneOoid packstoneBioclast packstoneBioclast wackestoneIntraclast grainstonePeloid grainstoneCarbonate mudstoneDolomiteRadiolarian chertReplacement chertEvaporiteOoidal ironstoneBanded ironstoneVolcaniclastic rocksPorosity in sedimentary rocks Part 5 Metamorphic rocksTextures of metamorphic rocksSchistosity and schistsGneissic foliation and gneissesMyloniteCataclasiteCrenulationsLineationsReaction texturesMetamorphosed mudstones (pelites)Chloritoid schistGarnet mica schistStaurolite schistKyanite gneissGarnet-sillimanite gneissAndalusite-cordierite hornfelsGarnet-cordierite hornfels (Granofels)Metamorphosed carbonate rocksForsterite and diopside marbleMetamorphosed basic rocksGarnet epidote amphiboliteAmphiboliteTwo pyroxene granofelsGlaucophane-lawsonite-schist (Blueschist)Glaucophane-epidote (Blue) schistEclogiteUltramafic rocks Appendices