CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2017
Romania since the Second World War is the first book about Romania designed to chart the progress of the nation under the communist regime as well as the transition period that followed, providing detailed analysis of the aspects of continuity and change that can be identified over the period as a whole.
The book begins with Romania's involvement in the Second World War, looking at the communist regime in depth. It examines how communism took hold and the elimination of traditional elites took place, before discussing the impact of Gheorghiu-Dej and Nicolae Caeusescu, the two most important leaders of the communist era. The following chapters cover the main social and economic changes during the communist regime. The second part of the book explores the transition period following the end of communism in 1989, with special attention given to international relations and Romania's drive for inclusion in NATO and the EU. Romania since the Second World War assesses socio-demographic trends across the postwar period before concluding with some thoughts on the nation's development during this time.
The book includes a useful appendix covering the key figures in Romania's recent history and a helpful bibliography, making this a key text for anyone interested in the modern history of Eastern Europe.
Florin Abraham is Senior Researcher at the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism at The Romanian Academy and Lecturer at The National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, Romania.
Introduction 1. Under the Sign of Three Dictatorships (1938-1944) PART I: Communism 2. The Establishment of the Communist Regime (1944-1947) 3. The Gheorghiu-Dej Era (1948-1965) 4. The Nicolae Caeusescu Regime (1965-1989) 5. Institutions of `Legitimate Violence' 6. Society Crushed by Tyranny 7. The Economy 8. The Fall of Communism PART II: Return to Democracy: Lost in Transitions 9. Political Parties 10. Political Institutions 11. Main Public Policies 12. Foreign Policy and Euro-Atlantic Integration 13. The Rule of Law 14. Society Under the Pressure of Change 15. The Economy PART III: Social and Demographic Trends 16. Social and Demographic Trends Conclusions Mini-Biographies Bibliography Index