In his study of Romantic naturalists and early environmentalists, Dewey W. Hall asserts that William Wordsworth and Ralph Waldo Emerson were transatlantic literary figures who were both influenced by the English naturalist Gilbert White. In Part 1, Hall examines evidence that as Romantic naturalists interested in meteorology, Wordsworth and Emerson engaged in proto-environmental activity that drew attention to the potential consequences of the locomotive's incursion into Windermere and Concord. In Part 2, Hall suggests that Wordsworth and Emerson shaped the early environmental movement through their work as poets-turned-naturalists, arguing that Wordsworth influenced Octavia Hill's contribution to the founding of the United Kingdom's National Trust in 1895, while Emerson inspired John Muir to spearhead the United States' National Parks movement in 1890. Hall's book traces the connection from White as a naturalist-turned-poet to Muir as the quintessential early environmental activist who camped in Yosemite with President Theodore Roosevelt.
Throughout, Hall raises concerns about the growth of industrialization to make a persuasive case for literature's importance to the rise of environmentalism.
Dewey W. Hall is Professor of English at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, USA. During his residence as a Mayers Research Fellow at the Huntington Library in 2012, he completed much of the writing for this book.
Contents: Introduction. Part 1 Toward Romantic Naturalists: Gilbert Whitea (TM)s legacy; Romantic naturalists: White, Wordsworth, and Otley; Emerson, the naturalist in Nature. Part 2 Toward Early Environmentalists: Green letters, green lectures, and the a "rash assaulta (TM); Wordsworth, Octavia Hill, and the National Trust; Emerson in Muira (TM)s Sierra and Our National Parks; Shaping Muir, reshaping Yosemite. Bibliography; Index.